Energy: EN3 - EN7

  • EN3 Direct energy consumption by primary energy source.

    Integrated Report 2014:

    Consumption of energy derived from non-renewable resources such as coal and oil drive the group's greenhouse gas emissions. Aside from the impact energy consumption has on the climate, the availability and cost of energy warrant our significant efforts in order to reduce consumption across the board against a business-as-usual scenario.

    Consumption by primary energy source is reflected in the table below:

    Consumption by energy source Diesel (KL) Petrol (KL) Heavy Oil (KL) LPG (Tonnes) CNG/LNG
    (000 M3)
    Electricity (MWh)
    2014 – Continuing operations 56 294 10 136 0 35 33 81 028
    2014 – Discontinued operations – Australia 187 383 0 0 0 2 073
    2014 – Total 56 481 10 519 0 35 33 83 101
    2013 – Continuing operations 52 368 9 694 0 56 140 81 601
    2013 – Discontinued operations – Australia 421 776 0 0 0 4 469
    2013 – Total 52 789 10 470 0 56 140 86 070
    2012 – Continuing operations 28 869 11 433 0 55 676 82 288
    2012 – Discontinued operations – Australia 386 820 0 0 0 3 890
    2012 – Total 29 255 12 253 0 55 676 86 178
    2011 – Continuing operations 25 431 12 371 0 52 834 83 478
    2011 – Discontinued operations – Australia 348 742 0 0 0 3 818
    2011 – Total 25 779 13 113 0 52 834 87 296
    2010 – Continuing operations 26 837 12 223 0 47 961 85 921
    2010 – Discontinued operations – Australia 308 732 0 0 0 3 802
    2010 – Total 27 145 12 955 0 47 961 89 723
    2009 – Continuing operations 26 745 12 741 0 225 101 83 930
    2009 – Discontinued operations – Australia 266 615 0 0 0 3 637
    2009 – Total 27 011 13 356 0 225 101 87 567

    The table above reflects increases of 7% and 5% in consumption of diesel and petrol respectively over prior year for continuing operations. LPG, CNG and electricity decreased by 38%, 76% and 1% respectively from prior year, also for continuing operations.

    Group energy consumption was 6% higher over 2013 (continuing operations), as per table below:

    Energy (GJ) by Division 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling   541 192 560 417 639 136 659 910 647 793 686 235
    * Automotive and Logistics 2 409 240 2 216 420 1 223 186 1 093 145 1 170 346 1 109 484
    Corporate 2 606 2 733 2 090 1 669 2 997 3 592
    Total continuing operations 2 953 038 2 779 570 1 864 412 1 754 724 1 821 136 1 799 311
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 27 788    58 865    56 935    52 520    50 620    44 406
    Barloworld Group 2 980 826 2 838 435 1 921 347 1 807 244 1 871 756 1 843 717

    Given the nature of our operations, diesel remained the major source of energy consumption, accounting for some 77% of group energy consumption.

    Energy (GJ) by Energy Source 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Diesel – Continuing operations 2 314 912 2 149 579 1 159 390 1 013 446 1 070 097 1 058 471
    Diesel – Discontinued operations – Australia 7 233 16 250 14 891 13 385 11 887 10 277
    Diesel – Total 2 322 145 2 165 829 1 174 281 1 026 831 1 081 984 1 068 748
    Petrol – Continuing operations 343 612 328 612 382 193 408 546 405 196 424 082
    Petrol – Discontinued operations - Australia 13 093 26 527 28 041 25 391 25 045 21 036
    Petrol – Total 356 705 355 139 410 234 433 937 430 241 445 118
    Electricity – Continuing operations 291 705 293 763 296 237 300 520 309 315 302 150
    Electricity – Discontinued operations Australia 7 462 16 088 14 003 13 744 13 688 13 093
    Electricity – Total 299 167 309 851 310 240 314 264 323 003 315 243
    Other * – Continuing operations 2 811 7 617 26 592 32 212 36 528   14 608
    Other * – Discontinued operations – Australia – 
    Other * – Total 2 811 7 617 26 592 32 212 36 528 14 608
    Total energy – continuing operations 2 953 038 2 779 570 1 864 412 1 754 724 1 821 136 1 799 311
    Total energy – discontinued operations – Australia 27 788 58 865 56 935 52 520 50 620 44 406
    Barloworld Group  2 980 826 2 838 435 1 921 347 1 807 244 1 871 756 1 843 717

    * Heavy oil, LPG and CNG

    It may not always be possible or practical to reduce absolute energy consumption year-on-year given the correlation between business activity and energy consumption.

    To mitigate this, Barloworld measures energy consumption against activity levels (using revenue as a proxy for activity), resulting in an intensity indicator.

    Despite the adoption of an intensity metric for energy, operations within the group have varying energy intensity levels dependent on the nature of their respective activities. The table below is a function of energy consumption and activity.

    The increased intensity in 2014 against 2013 indicates more energy was consumed in generating R1 million revenue than in 2013.

    Energy Intensity by Division (GJ per R1 million revenue) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 17.5 18.3 22.0 28.2 39.7 31.1
         Equipment 17.0 17.5 18.7 23.0 33.8 27.6
         Handling 24.1 26.7 38.8 49.0 57.4 42.9
    * Automotive and Logistics – continuing operations 77.4 76.9 50.2 48.6 56.5 55.0
    * Automotive and Logistics – including discontinued operations 71.8 66.3 43.5 43.5 50.0 50.0
    * Automotive – continuing operations 18.3 18.8 22.6 24.3 28.0 29.6
    * Automotive – including discontinued operations 17.5 17.3 20.4 22.5 25.4 27.4
       Car Rental southern Africa 33.8 31.9 40.7 38.0 40.0 46.7
    * Motor Retail – continuing operations 16.0 17.2 19.9 22.3 26.4 26.5
    * Motor Retail – including  discontinued operations 15.3 15.7 17.7 20.5 23.4 24.7
     Fleet services southern Africa 9.8 9.6 12.9 14.5 16.0 19.5
         Logistics 439.4 401.7 221.4 185.0 188.8 155.1
           Southern Africa 513.5 504.4 287.7 259.9 289.8 262.1
           Europe, Middle East & Asia 21.4 17.5 23.9 29.7 28.7 23.2
    Total continuing operations 47.6 46.7 34.9 38.2 49.2 42.6
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 10.0 10.7 11.3 13.7 13.5 15.1
    Barloworld Group 45.9 43.7 32.9 36.3 45.9 40.8

    The majority of our operations have performed ahead of our group aspirational 12% efficiency improvement target for non-renewable energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (scope 1 and 2) set for the end of this financial year off a 2009 baseline. However, our overall group target was not achieved due mainly to a number of investments made in logistics road transport business which has higher energy and emissions compared to our other businesses.

    Nonetheless our target focussed attention and prompted relevant initiatives which benefitted the group over the past five years and will continue to do so into the future.

    Logistics operations have an intensity level of 439.4 against the group level of 47.6 and accordingly rapid growth of these operations increased the group figure.

    At 2014FYE, the group energy intensity was 47.6, which is 27% behind than its aspirational energy intensity target of 37.5.

      Energy (GJ) per employee
    Energy Intensity by division 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 65.2 64.5 67.8 70 75.4 76.5
    * Automotive and Logistics 215.1 213.6 133.5 126.5 130.0 129.0
    Corporate 22.7 24.2 17.6 15.7 30.6 34.9
    Total continuing operations 150.5 144.9 99.6 96.5 102.9 101.8
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 0.0 115.4 107.8 106.7 106.1 101.2
    Barloworld Group 152.0 144.1 99.9 96.8 103.0 101.8

    For our group, energy consumption per employee is not necessarily a relevant indicator of efficiency, because we strive to increase activity without a corresponding increase in employee numbers. The above data are reported for ease of reference only.

    The tables below are included for information purposes only. These provide a breakdown by division for petrol and diesel and electricity consumption.

    Petrol & Diesel (KL) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 11 334  11 718 13 673 14 264 13 871 15 463
    * Automotive and Logistics 55 090  50 338 26 619 23 529 25 171 24 005
    Corporate 6 10 10 16 18
    Total continuing operations 66 430  62 062 40 302 37 803 39 058 39 486
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 570  1 197 1 206 1 090 1 040 881
    Barloworld Group 67 000  63 259 41 508 38 893 40 098 40 367

    The increase in diesel reported in 2014 over prior year is largely due to the increased logistics activity and the 4% increase in overall group activity levels.

    Electricity (MWh) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 30 465 31 315 32 798 34 399 33 538 34 738
    * Automotive and Logistics 49 896 49 587 49 014 48 714 51 725 48 382
    Corporate 667 699 476 365 658 810
    Total continuing operations 81 028 81 601 82 288 83 478 85 921 83 930
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 2 073 4 469 3 890 3 818 3 802 3 637
    Barloworld Group 83 101 86 070 86 178 87 296 89 723 87 567

  • EN4 Indirect energy consumption by primary energy source.

    Integrated Report 2014:

    Consumption of energy derived from non-renewable resources such as coal and oil drive the group's greenhouse gas emissions. Aside from the impact energy consumption has on the climate, the availability and cost of energy warrant our significant efforts in order to reduce consumption across the board against a business-as-usual scenario.

    Consumption by primary energy source is reflected in the table below:

    Consumption by energy source Diesel (KL) Petrol (KL) Heavy Oil (KL) LPG (Tonnes) CNG/LNG
    (000 M3)
    Electricity (MWh)
    2014 – Continuing operations 56 294 10 136 0 35 33 81 028
    2014 – Discontinued operations – Australia 187 383 0 0 0 2 073
    2014 – Total 56 481 10 519 0 35 33 83 101
    2013 – Continuing operations 52 368 9 694 0 56 140 81 601
    2013 – Discontinued operations – Australia 421 776 0 0 0 4 469
    2013 – Total 52 789 10 470 0 56 140 86 070
    2012 – Continuing operations 28 869 11 433 0 55 676 82 288
    2012 – Discontinued operations – Australia 386 820 0 0 0 3 890
    2012 – Total 29 255 12 253 0 55 676 86 178
    2011 – Continuing operations 25 431 12 371 0 52 834 83 478
    2011 – Discontinued operations – Australia 348 742 0 0 0 3 818
    2011 – Total 25 779 13 113 0 52 834 87 296
    2010 – Continuing operations 26 837 12 223 0 47 961 85 921
    2010 – Discontinued operations – Australia 308 732 0 0 0 3 802
    2010 – Total 27 145 12 955 0 47 961 89 723
    2009 – Continuing operations 26 745 12 741 0 225 101 83 930
    2009 – Discontinued operations – Australia 266 615 0 0 0 3 637
    2009 – Total 27 011 13 356 0 225 101 87 567

    The table above reflects increases of 7% and 5% in consumption of diesel and petrol respectively over prior year for continuing operations. LPG, CNG and electricity decreased by 38%, 76% and 1% respectively from prior year, also for continuing operations.

    Group energy consumption was 6% higher over 2013 (continuing operations), as per table below:

    Energy (GJ) by Division 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling   541 192 560 417 639 136 659 910 647 793 686 235
    * Automotive and Logistics 2 409 240 2 216 420 1 223 186 1 093 145 1 170 346 1 109 484
    Corporate 2 606 2 733 2 090 1 669 2 997 3 592
    Total continuing operations 2 953 038 2 779 570 1 864 412 1 754 724 1 821 136 1 799 311
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 27 788    58 865    56 935    52 520    50 620    44 406
    Barloworld Group 2 980 826 2 838 435 1 921 347 1 807 244 1 871 756 1 843 717

    Given the nature of our operations, diesel remained the major source of energy consumption, accounting for some 77% of group energy consumption.

    Energy (GJ) by Energy Source 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Diesel – Continuing operations 2 314 912 2 149 579 1 159 390 1 013 446 1 070 097 1 058 471
    Diesel – Discontinued operations – Australia 7 233 16 250 14 891 13 385 11 887 10 277
    Diesel – Total 2 322 145 2 165 829 1 174 281 1 026 831 1 081 984 1 068 748
    Petrol – Continuing operations 343 612 328 612 382 193 408 546 405 196 424 082
    Petrol – Discontinued operations - Australia 13 093 26 527 28 041 25 391 25 045 21 036
    Petrol – Total 356 705 355 139 410 234 433 937 430 241 445 118
    Electricity – Continuing operations 291 705 293 763 296 237 300 520 309 315 302 150
    Electricity – Discontinued operations Australia 7 462 16 088 14 003 13 744 13 688 13 093
    Electricity – Total 299 167 309 851 310 240 314 264 323 003 315 243
    Other * – Continuing operations 2 811 7 617 26 592 32 212 36 528   14 608
    Other * – Discontinued operations – Australia – 
    Other * – Total 2 811 7 617 26 592 32 212 36 528 14 608
    Total energy – continuing operations 2 953 038 2 779 570 1 864 412 1 754 724 1 821 136 1 799 311
    Total energy – discontinued operations – Australia 27 788 58 865 56 935 52 520 50 620 44 406
    Barloworld Group  2 980 826 2 838 435 1 921 347 1 807 244 1 871 756 1 843 717

    * Heavy oil, LPG and CNG

    It may not always be possible or practical to reduce absolute energy consumption year-on-year given the correlation between business activity and energy consumption.

    To mitigate this, Barloworld measures energy consumption against activity levels (using revenue as a proxy for activity), resulting in an intensity indicator.

    Despite the adoption of an intensity metric for energy, operations within the group have varying energy intensity levels dependent on the nature of their respective activities. The table below is a function of energy consumption and activity.

    The increased intensity in 2014 against 2013 indicates more energy was consumed in generating R1 million revenue than in 2013.

    Energy Intensity by Division (GJ per R1 million revenue) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 17.5 18.3 22.0 28.2 39.7 31.1
         Equipment 17.0 17.5 18.7 23.0 33.8 27.6
         Handling 24.1 26.7 38.8 49.0 57.4 42.9
    * Automotive and Logistics – continuing operations 77.4 76.9 50.2 48.6 56.5 55.0
    * Automotive and Logistics – including discontinued operations 71.8 66.3 43.5 43.5 50.0 50.0
    * Automotive – continuing operations 18.3 18.8 22.6 24.3 28.0 29.6
    * Automotive – including discontinued operations 17.5 17.3 20.4 22.5 25.4 27.4
       Car Rental southern Africa 33.8 31.9 40.7 38.0 40.0 46.7
    * Motor Retail – continuing operations 16.0 17.2 19.9 22.3 26.4 26.5
    * Motor Retail – including  discontinued operations 15.3 15.7 17.7 20.5 23.4 24.7
     Fleet services southern Africa 9.8 9.6 12.9 14.5 16.0 19.5
         Logistics 439.4 401.7 221.4 185.0 188.8 155.1
           Southern Africa 513.5 504.4 287.7 259.9 289.8 262.1
           Europe, Middle East & Asia 21.4 17.5 23.9 29.7 28.7 23.2
    Total continuing operations 47.6 46.7 34.9 38.2 49.2 42.6
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 10.0 10.7 11.3 13.7 13.5 15.1
    Barloworld Group 45.9 43.7 32.9 36.3 45.9 40.8

    The majority of our operations have performed ahead of our group aspirational 12% efficiency improvement target for non-renewable energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (scope 1 and 2) set for the end of this financial year off a 2009 baseline. However, our overall group target was not achieved due mainly to a number of investments made in logistics road transport business which has higher energy and emissions compared to our other businesses.

    Nonetheless our target focussed attention and prompted relevant initiatives which benefitted the group over the past five years and will continue to do so into the future.

    Logistics operations have an intensity level of 439.4 against the group level of 47.6 and accordingly rapid growth of these operations increased the group figure.

    At 2014FYE, the group energy intensity was 47.6, which is 27% behind than its aspirational energy intensity target of 37.5.

      Energy (GJ) per employee
    Energy Intensity by division 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 65.2 64.5 67.8 70 75.4 76.5
    * Automotive and Logistics 215.1 213.6 133.5 126.5 130.0 129.0
    Corporate 22.7 24.2 17.6 15.7 30.6 34.9
    Total continuing operations 150.5 144.9 99.6 96.5 102.9 101.8
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 0.0 115.4 107.8 106.7 106.1 101.2
    Barloworld Group 152.0 144.1 99.9 96.8 103.0 101.8

    For our group, energy consumption per employee is not necessarily a relevant indicator of efficiency, because we strive to increase activity without a corresponding increase in employee numbers. The above data are reported for ease of reference only.

    The tables below are included for information purposes only. These provide a breakdown by division for petrol and diesel and electricity consumption.

    Petrol & Diesel (KL) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 11 334  11 718 13 673 14 264 13 871 15 463
    * Automotive and Logistics 55 090  50 338 26 619 23 529 25 171 24 005
    Corporate 6 10 10 16 18
    Total continuing operations 66 430  62 062 40 302 37 803 39 058 39 486
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 570  1 197 1 206 1 090 1 040 881
    Barloworld Group 67 000  63 259 41 508 38 893 40 098 40 367

    The increase in diesel reported in 2014 over prior year is largely due to the increased logistics activity and the 4% increase in overall group activity levels.

    Electricity (MWh) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 30 465 31 315 32 798 34 399 33 538 34 738
    * Automotive and Logistics 49 896 49 587 49 014 48 714 51 725 48 382
    Corporate 667 699 476 365 658 810
    Total continuing operations 81 028 81 601 82 288 83 478 85 921 83 930
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 2 073 4 469 3 890 3 818 3 802 3 637
    Barloworld Group 83 101 86 070 86 178 87 296 89 723 87 567

  • EN5 Energy saved due to conservation and efficiency improvements.

    Integrated Report 2014:

    This is driven by the group's aspirational target of a 12% efficiency improvement in our non-renewable energy consumption by the end of our 2014 financial year off a 2009 baseline and against a business-as-usual scenario.

    Using savings models, revenue (proxy for activity) and actual consumption, indicative unit and financial savings can be calculated against a business as usual (BAU) scenario.

    Against a baseline year (2009) BAU scenario, the following indicative cumulative performance was achieved at a group level from 2010 to 2014:

    1. Electricity:
      • 97 896 MWh savings
    2. Fuel (Petrol & Diesel): 4 678 KL increase against BAU. This includes a savings of 26 430 KL for Equipment and Handling and 18 248 KL for Automotive, while Logistics' increase of 79 837 results in a net increase at a group level.

    Initiatives in place to conserve energy and contribute to such savings include:

    Entrenching sustainable development in group strategy
    Setting targets and entrenching integrated reporting that includes energy consumption
    Focused communication programmes which include the principle that the cumulative impact of small changes become significant
    Membership of the Green Building Council of South Africa, through our Automotive division, has  re-enforced our ' green' buildings initiative for new buildings which have resulted in:
    - 'Green' buildings initiative for existing buildings that includes
      - Conducting energy audits
      - Installing more efficient lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation systems
      - Installing motion sensors on lights and air conditioning systems
      - Timing switches on compressors and other appropriate electrical equipment
      - Use of geyser blankets and reduction of geyser temperatures
      - Resetting wash bay blowers in car rental operations to optimise time taken to dry vehicles
    - 'Green' buildings initiative for new buildings resulted in:
      - New Automotive dealerships and Logistics warehousing include energy efficiency technology
    Continued roll-out of electricity consumption technology in our operations that provides real-time monitoring at installed sites and reflects consumption trends and related emissions against targets. Benefits include awareness, identification and mitigation of unnecessary power use.
    Reduced air travel and increased use of video conferencing.
    In 2009 the Dedicated Transport division, within Logistics, initiated a project where they collaborated with the CSIR and other partners in designing a more energy efficient and ergonomic vehicle which can carry a higher payload and be streamlined enough in its design to reduce the fuel consumption and ultimately the emissions. Approximate reduction in fuel consumption is between 7% – 10% per trip, Johannesburg to Durban.  The fleet has been expanded to include an additional five units.
    Also within Logistics, modified Toyota vehicles generate fuel savings of approximately 2,7 litres/100kms and estimated CO2e saving per vehicle per month is 1 346kg, which equates to 97 tCO2e per annum.
    Logistics, cold storage warehouse in Dubai incorporates skylights that maximise natural light without affecting temperature and induction lighting which consumes 20% less electricity than traditional lighting at night. In addition, the warehouse forklifts operate on bio-diesel and utilise chargers that use 22% less electricity than regular models. Finally, a water harvesting system captures all water from the dehumidifier for future use in ablution facilities and for irrigation.
    Within Logistics' Supply Chain Management and Freight Management and Services operations, initiatives included changing existing hot water pumps to more energy efficient versions, retrofitting lighting and HVAC. The anticipated annualised savings for the initiatives is anticipated to be some 292 MWh for three sites.
    Within Logistics' SCM warehousing environment:
    battery recharging has been scheduled to off-peak times reducing power demand during peak periods.
    lamp replacement strategy and rescheduling battery charging schedules have resulted in a saving of some 182MWh off a 2012 baseline in one such facility located in Germiston, Gauteng.
    Motion sensors have been installed at Barlow Park (South Africa), linked to heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and cooling (HVAC) systems and lighting to reduce electricity consumption.
    In the Novosibirsk Power building, within our Equipment Russia operations, lighting has been linked to infrared sensors to eliminate wastage of energy when vacant. Fitted sensors also monitor the ambient temperature and natural light in an area which then regulates the intensity of light that is used in the respective area. Regulators fitted also reset the HVAC to the optimal temperature after 30 minutes of any manual adjustments. LED lighting has been fitted in the Novosibirsk warehouse.
    The replacement of a 75kW compressor with a 15kW unit at Barloworld Power Boksburg is one example of how a small change is contributing to improved energy efficiency within Barloworld. The anticipated savings are 360 000 kWh per annum, based on current demand. Similar initiatives have been rolled out within the group.
    Some company vehicles are monitored through the Intelligent Fuel product to ensure any inefficiencies resulting in excessive fuel usage are identified and addressed.
    All new vehicles sold incorporate the Vehicle Manufacturers' latest environmental technology developments and improvements.
    Car rental fleets generally include vehicles less than 12 months old and hence have the most up to date and efficient propulsion systems and technology. Avis' rental fleet consisted on average of 29 hybrid vehicles per month for the financial period.
    Drive smart systems implemented on Logistics' fleet that can assist in fleet management and can contribute to improved efficiency.
    In 2013, Automotive's Toyota Witbank dealership in South Africa conducted an energy efficiency revamp which included:
    Installation of single-clear glazing with a low-emissivity coating which has a U-value of 3.8W/m2C and a shading co-efficient of 0.69, reducing the thermal load without affecting the visibility of the cars on display from the outside.
    More energy efficient air-conditioning systems were fitted to further reduce energy consumption. A split inverter DX unit provides the individual working spaces within the building with individual control over their air temperature, but makes use of inverter compressor technology which reduces energy consumption by up to 20%.
    Offices at the Witbank Toyota dealership have proximity sensors which switch off lights and air-conditioning units when no movement is detected within the space, reducing energy usage when it is not required. An Intellibus management system switches off showroom units and ventilation fans after hours, and turns ventilation on when staff return in the morning. Intellibus is a voltage control system which allows Barloworld to automatically control the systems which operate at its facilities, making it easier to manage and reduce energy consumption.
    Night audits at the dealership to monitor and evaluate energy consumption when the building is empty. The initiative has been a success, with night energy consumption comprising 42% of the total monthly consumption before the audits, and only 27% after.
    The initiatives above are anticipated to produce approximate energy savings of 489 439 kWh per annum.
    Similarly a number of efficiency initiatives have been implemented across a number of Automotive sites in 2013 and 2014, including Avis Croydon, Audi Gaborone, Audi Pietermaritzburg, Barons Bellville, Barons Bruma, GM Zambezi, Motor Retail Head Office. Cumulatively over both periods these initiatives are estimated to produce energy savings of approximately 1 4081 129 kWh per annum.

  • EN6 Initiatives to provide energy-efficient or renewable energy based products and services, and reductions in energy requirements as a result of these initiatives.

    Integrated Report 2014:

    Barloworld uses technological advances in the products and services it provides to limit environmental impacts, particularly energy consumption and emissions. Many of the OEMs we represent are grappling with the issue and innovating continually. 

    Equipment

    Caterpillar is continually improving the energy efficiency of its products to reduce emissions from its clean diesel engines and maintain fuel efficiency. Caterpillar prides itself on building innovative products that are not only the most reliable machines on the market, but also meet and exceed sustainability targets for highly regulated countries.

    At the same time, on every new model that is released onto the market, Caterpillar realises the need for more efficient machines and better performance to meet customers' demands for reduced operating costs.

    Caterpillar is also leading in cogeneration, examples include greenhouse applications where the exhaust gases (CO2), heat and power from an engine are utilised. The power generates electricity and the heat and CO2 enhance the crop growing process.

    Caterpillar's acquisition of MWM Holding GmbH (MWM), a leading global supplier of sustainable, natural gas and alternative-fuel engines, significantly expands customer options for sustainable power generations solutions. The ability to supply natural gas engines and turbines to complement the traditional diesel engines results in one of the broadest engine offerings in the industry. Dedicated teams in Barloworld Equipment Europe are being trained on gas engines which lead in energy and emission efficiencies.
    Over the years, Caterpillar has invested heavily in technology that allows customers to get the most out of their machines improving performance, lowering costs and preventing machine downtime.

    The examples of innovative efficient products reflected below are included to demonstrate our principal's commitment to sustainability and efficiency. These may not necessarily be available in the Barloworld Equipment territories:

    The Cat ® M series 2 motor graders, equipped with an ACERT™ engine and Cat Clean Emissions Module, deliver the performance and efficiency customers demand, while meeting EU Stage IIIB and Tier 4 Interim emissions standards. Integrated machine systems and technologies improve productivity for greater accuracy, lower fuel use and reduced machine wear. Decreases in fuel consumption result in a decrease of combustion of carbon, reducing greenhouse gases. The cab design assures excellent visibility to the work area and two electrohydraulic joysticks deliver enhanced operator comfort and efficiency.
    New Cat ® D6T, D7E and D8T Track-Type Tractors deliver the productivity, reliability and durability of their predecessors while reducing emissions and fuel consumption. Total machine fuel-efficiency improvements of 2 to 12% decrease carbon emissions and customer fuel cost. Compared to previous models, the new machines reduce particulate matter by 90% and oxides of nitrogen by 50%.
    The Cat ® C175-16 Diesel Generator Set is certified to meet Tier 4 Interim emissions standards, delivering reduced fuel consumption and lower emissions in a compact footprint. The C175-16 includes the Cat ® Clean Emissions Module, which is an after-treatment system designed to reduce oxides of nitrogen, hydrocarbons and particulate matter.
    The next generation 992K Wheel Loader and the 777G Off-Highway Truck are perfectly matched for efficient mining with the safety features and operator comfort customers need. As a system, these two machines conserve resources by burning less fuel, resulting in reduced emissions and cost savings for customers. In addition, 98% of the 992K is recyclable or reusable at the end of life.
    New C4.4 and C6.6 engines, designed to meet Tier 4 Interim and EU Stage IIIB emission standards, deliver improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions, while also lowering the cost of ownership through increased productivity. They operate at reduced noise levels, increasing operator comfort and decreasing noise pollution. The engines also were developed using virtual product technology, which reduced emissions and energy used during development.
    The new Cat ® 349E hydraulic excavator delivers more engine and hydraulic horsepower than its predecessor, and averages 5% improved fuel efficiency in typical applications. Decreases in fuel consumption result in a decrease of carbon combustion, reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The 349E operates on either ultra-low-sulphur diesel fuel (ULSD), or a blend of ULSD and 20% biodiesel, and meets stringent US Environmental Protection Agency Tier 4 Interim emissions standards. Fuel-saving features include:
    - An engine idle shutdown setting which allows selection for how long the machine is permitted to idle before shutting down
    - Isochronous speed control a system that maintains constant engine speed, regardless of load
    - An economy power mode used during less demanding applications
    - A hydraulic system that recycles hydraulic energy and hydraulic oil.
    The refined design for the Cat ® D11T and D11T Carrydozer delivers fuel-efficient productivity. New for the D11T and D11T CD is the Enhanced Auto Shift (EAS) system, designed to conserve fuel by automatically selecting the optimal reverse gear and engine speed, based on load and desired ground speed. When the EAS mode is not activated, an Auto Downshift feature automatically changes gears to most efficiently handle loads. Decreases in fuel consumption result in a decrease of combustion of carbon, reducing greenhouse gases.
    A primary advantage of the new Cat ® 980K Wheel Loader is fuel economy improvement in typical loader applications. Furthermore, the fuel that is burned produces 90% less particulate matter and 50% fewer oxides of nitrogen (NOx) than its predecessor, the 980H. The 980K was designed to be almost fully reused, with a 96% recyclability rate, and provides the foundation by which resources can be conserved for years to come.
    Retrofits can provide the latest lean burn gas engine technology for Cat ® G3500 petroleum engines in existing gas compression applications. The upgrade for G3508, G3512, and G3516 engines utilises state-of-the-art electronic controls and sensor technology to improve fuel efficiencies, and reduces oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions.

    Available in Barloworld Equipment territories:

    The Cat ® 988H Performance Plus Wheel Loader update exemplifies energy efficiency.
    - The 988H Performance Plus with the new Performance Series Bucket offers the benefit of up to a 10% increase in productivity
    - The new Positive Flow Control hydraulics has demonstrated fuel savings of up to 5%. Factoring in the combination of productivity and fuel savings, improvements of up to 10% can be realised
    - At a minimal sacrifice to productivity (5 – 10% loss), customers may realise an additional 15 20% in fuel savings with the Fuel Management System (FMS).
    New with the 988H Performance Plus are three additional fuel-saving modes of operation available that allow the operator to choose the level of fuel savings to be achieved. The operator can easily accommodate changing production demands by moving between three modes of operation:
    - Full Power (FMS not engaged)
    - Balanced Power
    - Maximum Fuel Savings.

    Additionally, the 988H Performance Plus introduced Auto Idle Kickdown and Idle Shutdown features to minimise fuel burn, and reduce gaseous emissions.

    Cat ® machines are so durable that instead of scrapping older models, rebuilding them to excellent reliability, performance and durability is possible, providing a second lease on life. Rebuilding customer equipment requires 50 to 60% less energy by reusing 85 to 95% by weight of the materials from the original product. By restoring used equipment, Cat ® dealers minimise waste while offering high-quality, cost-effective solutions to customers. It's good for business and for the environment. Cat Certified Rebuilds are also available for power trains, hydraulics and machine components.
    Caterpillar equips every Tier 4 interim/stage IIIB engine with ACERT™ technology with an ideal combination of electronic, fuel, air and after treatment components based on engine size, the type of application and the geographic location in which it will work.
    Cat ® MineStar™ System
    - The New CAT ® Minestar™ System is a comprehensive fleet management system for customers in the mining sector. The system consists of scalable solutions that assist customers to manage their fleets' productivity and efficiency. The system's auto assignment model, using built in algorithms, can manage the truck and shovel system which ensures machines are used as efficiently and productively as possible.
    - The Terrain capability set of 'The New CAT ® Minestar™ System' assist end-users, using GPS technology to guide machines, to do the job right the first time, thus maximising productivity and efficiency.
    AccuGrade™ Grade Control System
    - Machine control and guidance systems that use laser and GPS technology to ensure customers complete the required job in the shortest possible time, reducing  the need for rework and making the surveyors job a lot easier.
    Cat ® Product Link
    - Technology which allows the customer to monitor and manage equipment remotely. Faults, service hours and position are sent via GPS or GSM links to a central server which is accessed by the customer using a Cat software package. This allows customers to plan servicing, diagnose problems, manage fuel consumption and even limit the working area of any particular machine.

    Handling and Agriculture

    Hyster lift trucks generally offer the best energy efficiency (energy use per load moved) of any manufacturer and emissions are among the lowest in the industry. The OEM supports green technologies through engineering collaboration and extensive internal field and validation testing. Diesel lift trucks are evolving to meet latest US and European emission standards. Electric trucks incorporate systems that recapture energy when braking and lowering loads. Improved product design results in less weight and improved efficiency.

    Recyclability is a prime consideration in Hyster lift truck design, as is waste, which is reduced through extended service intervals and reduced tyre and component wear.

    Hyster is investigating advanced, more efficient battery chemistries and technologies to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions. These also increase productivity and reduce toxic material content. Examples include:

    The Hyster electric trucks [Next Gen Electric Trucks (E45 – 80XN)] follow market demand for a cleaner, quieter vehicle.
    All Hyster truck lines well exceed 2007 federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards, and most meet the much more stringent 2010 California Air Resources Board (CARB) emissions standards. Hyster's full line of electric trucks successfully duplicate the performance of Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) trucks while reducing emissions and maintenance time.
    Hyster was the first company to use working fuel cell trucks in actual applications (though this is not commercially available yet). According to testing by the EPA and CARB, Hyster trucks emit lower emissions than almost any other truck in the industry. In fact, the Hyster GM 2.4L engine has the lowest overall emissions of any 3 000 – 7 000 lb. truck in the industry.
    Hyster Reachstackers / Big Trucks fuel savings of up to 15%, CO2 reductions.
    Empty container handlers 'reduced tyre wear (up to threefold) and fuel savings
    2t to 5.5t diesel/LPG forklift trucks fuel savings of up to 15% on the new Fortens range, making Hyster diesel and LPG trucks in this category some of the 'greenest' on the market. In Russia, AGCO have new models available with AdBlue engine specifications which are anticipated to save between 3% - 6% fuel saving for our customers.

    Automotive and Logistics

    Leading principals in our motor retail operations continue to develop and introduce energy-efficient, low-emission vehicles, as well as hybrid and electric vehicles.
    Car rental fleets generally include vehicles less than 12 months old fitted with the latest technology, resulting in overall energy and emissions efficiency. Avis' rental fleet consisted on average 29 of hybrid vehicles per month for the financial period.
    Car rental provides eco-driving tips on hangers in every vehicle. Carbon emissions from rentals are recorded on every invoice. Monthly carbon emission reports are sent to corporate customers, making them aware of emissions resulting from their corporate rentals.
    Clean vehicles are a core component of the customer offering but more efficient use of water has significant economic and environmental benefits while maintaining customer service levels.
    Logistics has introduced a range of innovative products and solutions which include:
    - In 2009 Logistics' collaboration with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in South Africa and others in designing a more energy efficient and ergonomic vehicle that can carry a higher payload and be streamlined enough in its design to reduce fuel consumption and ultimately emissions. The rig travelled 100 000km in the six-month test period, and saved on average between 7% – 10% in fuel compared to the rest of the fleet travelling the same route, with the same weather conditions and same payload. The total wind-drag reduction from the Green Trailer conversion also exceeded expectations, at up to 43%. The other major benefit from the significant reduction in fuel use is, of course, lower carbon emissions. The fuel saving amounted to a reduction of a maximum of 13.77 tCO2e emissions during the test period. The fleet has been expanded to include an additional five additional units.
    - Six Toyota trucks have also been modified to improve efficiency. The modifications have resulted in a fuel saving of 2.7L/100kms and estimated saving of 97 tCO2e per annum.
    - Logistics new cold storage warehouse in Dubai incorporates skylights that maximise natural light without affecting temperature and induction lighting which consumes 20% less electricity than traditional lighting at night. In addition, the warehouse forklifts operate on bio-diesel and utilise chargers that use 22% less electricity than regular models.

    General

    Barloworld understands the lifecycle implications of its products and solutions. We focus on ensuring maximum and efficient use of the products we sell, rent and lease, including extending their operating lifetime. A relatively high percentage of Caterpillar components are rebuilt, prolonging their life and reducing waste.

    All Hyster trucks are manufactured in plants meeting ISO 14000 environmental management standards which exist to help organisations minimise how their operations negatively affect the environment.

    Barloworld's Automotive, Equipment and Handling divisions have business models that enable vehicles, plant and equipment solutions to be provided as new or used and through long- or short-term rental applications. In the Equipment division, this is augmented by a significant component rebuild programme. This business model ensures efficiencies and synergies throughout the lifecycle of equipment, plant and vehicles and extended useful lives for these products.
  • EN7 Initiatives to reduce indirect energy consumption and reductions achieved.

    Integrated Report 2014:

    The group's principal source of indirect energy is electricity, which accounts for some 10% of energy consumption and 28% of CO2e emissions.

    Our commitment to improving energy efficiency in terms of fossil fuels and the resulting GHG emissions is reflected in being an early signatory to South Africa's Energy Efficiency Accord and more recently the South African National Business Initiative's (NBI) Energy Efficiency Leadership Network's (EELN) Energy Efficiency Pledge.

    In 2009, we set an overall aspirational target of a 12% efficiency improvement in our non-renewable energy consumption by the end of our 2014 financial year, off a 2009 baseline and against a business-as-usual scenario. The target applies to our material energy sources, petrol and diesel as well as to purchased electricity generated from fossil fuels.

    The table below shows a 0.7% or 573 MWh absolute reduction in 2014 from 2013 for continuing operations.

    Electricity (MWh) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Equipment and Handling 30 465 31 315 32 798 34 399 33 538 34 738
    * Automotive and Logistics 49 896 49 587 49 014 48 714 51 725 48 382
    Corporate 667 699 476 365 658 810
    Total continuing operations 81 028 81 601 82 288 83 478 85 921 83 930
    * Discontinued operations – Australia 2 073 4 469 3 890 3 818 3 802 3 637
    Barloworld Group 83 101 86 070 86 178 87 296 89 723 87 567

    Indicative electricity savings in 2014 against a business as usual scenario are 342 292 MWh or 66% of business as usual consumption. Indicative cumulative electricity saving from 2010 to 2014 is 97 896 MWh or 88% of business as usual consumption.

    Electricity intensities can be calculated using electricity consumption and revenue:

    Electricity Intensity (MWh per R1 million revenue) 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Total continuing operations 1.30 1.37 1.54 1.82 2.32 1.99
    Discontinued operations – Australia 0.74 0.81 0.77 0.99 1.02 1.24
    Barloworld Group 1.28 1.32 1.47 1.75 2.20 1.94

    The above table indicates that electricity consumption is 5% more efficient in 2014 over 2013, at a group level for continuing operations.

    The absolute reduction of 1% in electricity consumption has translated into a 1% reduction in energy from electricity as per the table below:

    Energy (GJ) by Energy Source 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
    Diesel – Continuing operations 2 314 912 2 149 579 1 159 390 1 013 446 1 070 097 1 058 471
    Diesel – Discontinued operations – Australia 7 233 16 250 14 891 13 385 11 887 10 277
    Diesel – Total 2 322 145 2 165 829 1 174 281 1 026 831 1 081 984 1 068 748
    Petrol – Continuing operations 343 612 328 612 382 193 408 546 405 196 424 082
    Petrol – Discontinued operations – Australia 13 093 26 527 28 041 25 391 25 045 21 036
    Petrol – Total 356 705 355 139 410 234 433 937 430 241 445 118
    Electricity – Continuing operations 291 705 293 763 296 237 300 520 309 315 302 150
    Electricity – Discontinued operations – Australia  7 462 16 088 14 003 13 744 13 688 13 093
    Electricity – Total 299 167 309 851 310 240 314 264 323 003 315 243
    Other * – Continuing operations 2 811 7 617 26 592 32 212 36 528 14 608
    Other * – Discontinued operations – Australia
    Other * – Total 2 811 7 617 26 592 32 212 36 528 14 608
    Total energy – continuing operations 2 953 038 2 779 570 1 864 412 1 754 724 1 821 136 1 799 311
    Total energy – discontinued operations – Australia 27 788 58 865 56 935 52 520 50 620 44 406
    Barloworld Group 2 980 826 2 838 435 1 921 347 1 807 244 1 871 756 1 843 717

    * Heavy oil, LPG and CNG

    Initiatives to reduce indirect energy include:

    Entrenching sustainable development in group strategy
    Setting targets and entrenching integrated reporting that includes energy consumption
    Utilisation of skills and expertise of an energy efficiency managers and other resources within the various operations to identify and coordinate the maximisation of energy efficiency opportunities across the group
    Focused communication programmes that include the principle that the cumulative impact of small changes become significant
    Membership of the Green Building Council of South Africa, through our Automotive division, has  re-enforced our 'green' buildings initiative for new buildings which have resulted in:
    - 'Green' buildings initiative for existing buildings that includes:
    - Conducting energy audits
    - Installing more efficient lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation systems
    - Installing motion sensors on lights and air conditioning systems
    - Timing switches on compressors and other appropriate electrical equipment
    - Use of geyser blankets and reduction of geyser temperatures
    - Resetting wash bay blowers in car rental operations to optimise time taken to dry vehicles
    - 'Green' buildings initiative for existing buildings that includes:
    - New Automotive dealerships and Logistics warehousing include energy efficiency technology
    Continued roll-out of electricity consumption technology in our operations that provides real-time monitoring at installed sites and reflects consumption trends and related emissions against targets. Benefits include awareness, identification and mitigation of unnecessary power use.
    Energy audits conducted have resulted in retrofitting correctly sized compressors. It is anticipated that the roll out of these initiatives at similar sites will produce significant cumulative savings for the group. For example, the replacement of a 75kW compressor with a 15kW unit at Barloworld Power Boksburg is one example of how a small change is contributing to improved energy efficiency within Barloworld. The anticipated savings are 360 000 KWh per annum, based on current demand.
    Reduced air travel and increased use of video conferencing.
    In 2013, Automotive's Toyota Witbank dealership in South Africa conducted an energy efficiency revamp which included:
    Installation of single-clear glazing with a low-emissivity coating which has a U-value of 3.8W/m2C and a shading co-efficient of 0.69, reducing the thermal load without affecting the visibility of the cars on display from the outside.
    More energy efficient air-conditioning systems were fitted to further reduce energy consumption. A split inverter DX unit provides the individual working spaces within the building with individual control over their air temperature, but makes use of inverter compressor technology which reduces energy consumption by up to 20%.
    Offices at the Witbank Toyota dealership have proximity sensors which switch off lights and air-conditioning units when no movement is detected within the space, reducing energy usage when it is not required. An Intellibus management system switches off showroom units and ventilation fans after hours, and turns ventilation on when staff return in the morning. Intellibus is a voltage control system which allows Barloworld to automatically control the systems which operate at its facilities, making it easier to manage and reduce energy consumption.
    Night audits at the dealership to monitor and evaluate energy consumption when the building is empty. The initiative has been a success, with night energy consumption comprising 42% of the total monthly consumption before the audits, and only 27% after.
    The initiatives above are anticipated to produce approximate energy savings of 489 439 kWh per annum.
    Similarly a number of efficiency initiatives have been implemented across a number of Automotive sites in 2013 and 2014, including Avis Croydon, Audi Gaborone, Audi Pietermaritzburg, Barons Bellville, Barons Bruma, GM Zambezi, Motor Retail Head Office. Cumulatively over both periods these initiatives are estimated to produce energy savings of approximately 1 4081 129 kWh per annum.
    Pursuit of ISO 14001 certification in some operations that prompted discussions at the correct levels of the respective divisions, both internally and externally (suppliers and customers) and assisted in driving the environmental objectives of the group.