Environmental

  • EN 1 Materials used by weight or volume

    Materials are sourced from Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and other suppliers and used to support the retail and service nature of the group’s operations. Materials that have a high impact on the environment are monitored. Steps have been taken to consider more environmentally friendly products and materials where available.

    Materials Used (Direct and Indirect)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
       
    Paper (kgs)   1 012 871     954 270   906 039   1 075 867  
    Solvents (lts)   263 177     277 268   266 372   215 552  
    Lubricants (Grease & Oil) (lts)   7 836 999     8 981 255   9 146 730   7 556 528  
    Tyres (kgs)   1 879 441     2 009 720   1 329 242   1 500 089  
    Batteries (kgs)   2 135 513     1 411 086   859 831   977 916  

    Materials are sourced from OEMs and other suppliers and used to support the retail and service nature of our operations. Those with a high impact on the environment are monitored.

    While we report overall consumption in the table above, internal measures distinguish between direct (own) and indirect (customer) consumption. This is being refined and provides important indicative patterns of consumption, depending on the material.

    Indicative percentages of direct material consumption for paper, solvents, lubricants, tyres and batteries in 2012 are 100%, 88%, 17%, 43% and 77% respectively. The balance of which is classified as indirect consumption.


  • EN 2 Percentage of materials used that are recycled input materials

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Recycling, remanufacture and rebuilding

    As Barloworld predominantly represents Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and principals, opportunities for using recycled materials are limited. Relatively significant items are paper and retreaded tyres. The percentage of recycled paper used is negligible (0.022%) and, for tyres, it is 7% of those reported by weight.

    Materials Used (Recylced Input)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
                         
    Paper (kgs)   224     587   1 901   10 922  
    Tyres (kgs)   132 386     112 526   124 030   44 762  

  • EN 3 & EN 4 Direct and indirect energy consumption by primary energy source

    Integrated Report 2012 - Financial and non-financial indicators
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Automotive and Logistics

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Handling

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Corporate
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Energy

    Consumption of energy derived from non-renewable resources such as coal and oil drive the group’s greenhouse gas emissions. Aside from the impact energy consumption has on the climate, the availability and cost of energy warrant our significant efforts in order to reduce consumption across the board against a business-as-usual scenario.

    Consumption by primary energy source is reflected in the table below.

    Consumption by energy source
    Diesel
    (KL)
    Petrol
    (KL)
    Heavy Oil
    (KL)
    LPG
    (Tons)
    CNG/LNG
    (m3k)
    Electricity
    (MWh)
    spacer
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    2012 29 255 12 253 - 55 676 86 178  
    2011 25 779 13 113 - 52 834 87 296  
    2010 27 145 12 955 - 47 961 89 723  
    2009 27 011 13 356   225 101 87 567  

    The table above reflects decreases of 7%, 19% and 1% in consumption of petrol, CNG and electricity respectively from prior year. Diesel and LPG increased by 13%, and 6% respectively from prior year. The changes in consumption in 2012 from prior year, were relatively favourable, given group activity levels were up 17.5% for the same period (using revenue as a proxy for activity).

    Given the marginal increases in diesel and LPG and decreases in petrol, CNG and electricity consumption the group was able to limit overall energy consumption to a 6% increase in 2012 over 2011, as per table below:

    Energy consumption (GJ) by division   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    Equipment   453 902     429 070   413 097   471 383  
    Automotive and Logistics   1 280 121     1 145 665   1 220 966   1 153 890  
    Handling   185 234     230 840   234 696   214 852  
    Corporate   2 090     1 669   2 997   3592  
    Barloworld group   1 921 347     1 807 244   1 871 756   1843 717  

    Given the nature of our operations, diesel remained the major source of energy consumption, accounting for some 61% of group energy consumption.

    Energy (GJ) by Energy Source
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    Diesel   1 174 281     1 026 831   1 081 984   1 068 748  
    Petrol   410 234     433 937   430 241   445 118  
    Heavy Fuel   -     -   -   -  
    LPG   2 608     2 484   2 278   11 053  
    CNG / LNG   23 984     29 728   34 250   3 555  
    Electricity   310 240     314 264   323 003   315 243  
    Total energy   1 921 347     1 807 244   1 871 756   1 843 717  

    It may not always be possible or practical to reduce absolute energy consumption year-on-year given the correlation between business activity and energy consumption. To mitigate this, Barloworld measures energy consumption against activity levels (using revenue as a proxy for activity), resulting in an intensity indicator. The table below is a function of energy consumption and activity. The decreased intensity in 2012 against 2011 indicates less energy was consumed in generating R1 million revenue than in 2011 or simply, operations were more energy efficient in 2012 than 2011.

    Energy intensity (GJ per R1 million revenue) by division   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   18.7     23.0   33.8   27.6  
    Automotive and Logistics   43.4     43.4   49.8   49.8  
    Handling   38.8     49.0   57.4   42.9  
    Barloworld group   32.8     36.3   45.8   40.7  

    The 10% reduction in intensity in 2012 over 2011, indicates 10% less energy was consumed for the same level of activity. Alternately, the reduced intensity can be interpreted as 10% more activity was derived given the same level of energy consumption in 2012 as that of 2011.

      Energy (GJ) consumption per employee  
    Energy Intensity by division
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    Equipment   58.9     62.6   67.5   73.2  
    Automotive & Logistics   132.1     125.5   128.8   127.6  
    Handling   107.3     89.4   95.0   84.8  
    Corporate   17.6     15.7   30.6   34.9  
    Barloworld Group   99.9     96.8   103.0   101.8  

    For our group, energy consumption per employee is not necessarily a relevant indicator of efficiency, because we strive to increase activity without a corresponding increase in employee numbers. The above data are reported for ease of reference only.

    The tables below are included for information purposes only. These provide a breakdown by division for petrol and diesel and electricity consumption.

    Petrol & Diesel (KL)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    Equipment   9 552     9 044   8 805   9 961  
    Automotive & Logistics   27 825     24 619   26 211   24 886  
    Handling   4 121     5 220   5 066   5 502  
    Corporate   10     10   16   18  
    Barloworld Group   41 508     38 893   40 098   40 367  

    Electricity (MWh)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    Equipment   26 985     25 805   24 057   25 644  
    Automotive & Logistics   52 904     52 532   55 527   52 019  
    Handling   5 813     8 594   9 481   9 094  
    Corporate   476     365   658   810  
    Barloworld Group   86 178     87 296   89 723   87 567  

  • EN 5 Energy saved due to conservation and efficiency improvements

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - The environment
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Energy

    This is driven by the group’s aspirational target of improving non-renewable energy efficiency by 12% by end-2014 (baseline 2009).

    Using savings models, revenue (proxy for activity) and actual consumption, indicative unit and financial savings can be calculated against a business as usual (BAU) scenario.

    Against a BAU scenario, the following indicative savings were achieved at a group level in 2012:

    Fuel (Petrol and Diesel):  10 705KL or 20.5% of BAU consumption
    Electricity:  27 087MWh or 23.8% of BAU consumption

    The above reductions in BAU consumption has resulted in indicative savings of 463 441GJ or 19.4% of BAU energy consumption for 2012.

    Initiatives in place to conserve energy and contribute to such savings include:

    Entrenching sustainable development in group strategy
    Setting targets and entrenching integrated reporting that includes energy consumption
    Focused communication programmes which include the principle that the cumulative impact of small changes become significant

    A ‘green’ buildings initiative for existing buildings that includes:

    ° Conducting energy audits
    ° Installing more efficient lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation systems
    ° Installing motion sensors on lights and air conditioning systems
    ° Timing switches on compressors and other appropriate electrical equipment
    ° Use of geyser blankets and reduction of geyser temperatures
    ° Resetting wash bay blowers in car rental operations to optimise time taken to dry vehicles
    A ‘green’ buildings initiative for new buildings resulted in:
     
    ° New Automotive dealerships and Logistics warehousing include energy efficiency technology with energy savings of up to 30% on average.
    Continued roll-out of electricity and water consumption technology in our operations that provides real-time monitoring at installed sites and reflects consumption trends and related emissions against targets. Benefits include awareness, identification and mitigation of unnecessary power and water use.
    The Dedicated Transport division, within Logistics, initiated a project where they collaborated with the CSIR and other partners in designing a more energy efficient and ergonomic vehicle which can carry a higher payload and be streamlined enough in its design to reduce the fuel consumption and ultimately the emissions (currently projected at 7% reduction per trip, Johannesburg to Durban).  The fleet has been expanded to include an additional five units in 2012.
    Also within Logistics, modified Toyota vehicles generate fuel savings of approximately 2,7 litres/100kms and estimated CO2e saving per vehicle per month is 1 346kg, which equates to 65 CO2e tons per annum.
    Motion sensors have been installed at Barlow Park (South Africa) to reduce electricity consumption.
    Electrical consumption audits conducted at various sites to identify inefficiencies and switch to more efficient technology has resulted in projected savings of 220 600kWh per annum.
    Some company vehicles are monitored through the Intelligent Fuel product to ensure any inefficiencies resulting in excessive fuel usage are identified and addressed.
    All new vehicles sold incorporate the Vehicle Manufacturers’ latest environmental technology developments and improvements.
    Car rental fleets generally include vehicles less than 12 months old and hence have the most up to date and efficient propulsion systems and technology.
    90 Honda Jazz Hybrids included in the Avis rental fleet.

    The group utilises the skills and expertise of an Energy Efficiency Manager in its Power operations to identify and coordinate the identification of and maximising efficiency opportunities across the Group.

    Our Handling division also has a number of initiatives in place, including:

    In the UK;
     
    ° the introduction of a new company car policy to lease cars with low CO2 emissions and reduce the number of journeys.
    ° installing GPS in vans to reduce technician travel time by dispatching the individual closest to the customer, and monitoring speeding.
    ° speed limiters were also fitted to vans.
    ° efficient driver training completed for 70 high mileage drivers (enables reduction in carbon emissions).
    ° smaller, more fuel efficient vehicles being introduced to reduce fuel consumption and resultant emissions.
    ° heating control systems introduced in larger facilities to manage run times and temperatures.
    In Belgium, six electric vehicles have been added to the fleet on a trial basis.
    In the USA, the division switched to more efficient vehicles when replacing expired leases and new additions to the fleet. These are smaller in body and length, 42% lighter by weight, and generate better mileage than the previous vehicles used.
    In South Africa, employees are encouraged to choose company vehicles that are fuel efficient and have lower carbon emissions.

  • EN 6 Initiatives to provide energy-efficient or renewable energy based products and services, and reductions in energy requirements as a result of these initiatives

    Integrated Report 2012 - Responsible supply chain
    Integrated Report 2012 - Responsible supply chain - Sustainable motoring with BMW
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - The environment

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Opening of the Barloworld Reman Centre, celebrating the past and the future
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Automotive and Logistics - Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Targets
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Recycling, remanufacture and rebuilding

    Barloworld uses technological advances in the products and services it provides to limit environmental impacts, particularly energy consumption and emissions. Many of the OEMs we represent are grappling with the issue and innovating continually.

    Equipment

    Caterpillar is continually improving the energy efficiency of its products to reduce emissions from its clean diesel engines and maintain fuel efficiency. Caterpillar prides itself on building innovative products that are not only the most reliable machines on the market, but also meet and exceed sustainability targets for highly regulated countries.
    At the same time, on every new model that is released onto the market, Caterpillar realizes the need for more efficient machines and better performance to meet customers’ demands for reduced operating costs.

    Caterpillar Inc. aspirational 2020 goals include a 20% increase in customer energy efficiency.

    Caterpillar is also leading in cogeneration, examples include greenhouse applications where the exhaust gases (CO2), heat and power from an engine are utilized. The power generates electricity and the heat and CO2 enhance the crop growing process.

    Caterpillar’s acquisition of MWM Holding GmbH (MWM), a leading global supplier of sustainable, natural gas and alternative-fuel engines significantly expands customer options for sustainable power generations solutions. The ability to supply natural gas engines and turbines to complement the traditional diesel engines results in one of the broadest engine offerings in the industry. Dedicated teams in Barloworld Equipment Europe are being trained on gas engines which lead in energy and emission efficiencies.

    Over the years, Caterpillar has invested heavily in technology that allows customers to get the most out of their machines improving performance, lowering costs and preventing machine downtime.

    The examples of innovative efficient products reflected below are included to demonstrate our principal’s commitment to sustainability and efficiency. These may not necessarily be available in the Barloworld Equipment territories.

    The new Cat® 349E hydraulic excavator delivers more engine and hydraulic horsepower than its predecessor, and averages five percent improved fuel efficiency in typical applications. Decreases in fuel consumption result in a decrease of carbon combustion, reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The 349E operates on either ultra-low-sulphur diesel fuel (ULSD), or a blend of ULSD and 20 percent biodiesel, and meets stringent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Tier 4 Interim emissions standards. Fuel-saving features include:
     
    ° An engine idle shutdown setting – which allows selection for how long the machine is permitted to idle before shutting down
    ° Isochronous speed control – a system that maintains constant engine speed, regardless of load
    ° An economy power mode used during less demanding applications
    ° A hydraulic system that recycles hydraulic energy and hydraulic oil.
    The refined design for the Cat® D11T and D11T Carrydozer delivers fuel-efficient productivity. New for the D11T and D11T CD is the Enhanced Auto Shift (EAS) system, designed to conserve fuel by automatically selecting the optimal reverse gear and engine speed, based on load and desired ground speed. When the EAS mode is not activated, an Auto Downshift feature automatically changes gears to most efficiently handle loads. Decreases in fuel consumption result in a decrease of combustion of carbon, reducing greenhouse gases.
    A primary advantage of the new Cat® 980K Wheel Loader is fuel economy improvement in typical loader applications. Furthermore, the fuel that is burned produces 90 percent less particulate matter and 50 percent fewer oxides of nitrogen (NOx) than its predecessor, the 980H. The 980K was designed to be almost fully reused, with a 96 percent recyclability rate, and provides the foundation by which resources can be conserved for years to come.
    Retrofits can provide the latest lean burn gas engine technology for Cat® G3500 petroleum engines in existing gas compression applications. The upgrade for G3508, G3512, and G3516 engines utilizes state-of-the-art electronic controls and sensor technology to improve fuel efficiencies, and reduces oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions.

    Available in Barloworld Equipment territories:

    The Cat® 988H Performance Plus Wheel Loader update exemplifies energy efficiency.
     
    ° The 988H Performance Plus with the new Performance Series Bucket offers the benefit of up to a 10 percent increase in productivity
    ° The new Positive Flow Control hydraulics has demonstrated fuel savings of up to 5 percent. Factoring in the combination of productivity and fuel savings, improvements of up to 10 percent can be realized
    ° At a minimal sacrifice to productivity (5-10 percent loss), customers may realize an additional 15-20 percent in fuel savings with the Fuel Management System (FMS).
    New with the 988H Performance Plus are three additional fuel-saving modes of operation available that allow the operator to choose the level of fuel savings to be achieved. The operator can easily accommodate changing production demands by moving between three modes of operation:
     
    ° Full Power (FMS not engaged)
    ° Balanced Power 
    ° Maximum Fuel Savings.

    Additionally, the 988H Performance Plus introduced Auto Idle Kickdown and Idle Shutdown features to minimize fuel burn, and reduce gaseous emissions.

    Cat® machines are so durable that instead of scrapping older models, rebuilding them to excellent reliability, performance and durability is possible, providing a second lease on life. Rebuilding customer equipment requires 50 to 60 percent less energy by reusing 85 to 95 percent by weight of the materials from the original product. By restoring used equipment, Cat® dealers minimize waste while offering high-quality, cost-effective solutions to customers. It’s good for business and for the environment. Cat Certified Rebuilds are also available for power trains, hydraulics and machine components.
    Caterpillar equips every Tier 4 interim/stage IIIB engine with ACERT™ technology with an ideal combination of electronic, fuel, air and after treatment components based on engine size, the type of application and the geographic location in which it will work.
    Cat® MineStar™ System
     
    ° The New CAT® Minestar™ System is a comprehensive fleet management system for customers in the mining sector. The system consists of scalable solutions that assist customers to manage their fleets’ productivity and efficiency. The system’s auto assignment model, using built in algorithms, can manage the truck and shovel system which ensures machines are used as efficiently and productively as possible.
    ° The Terrain capability set of “The New CAT® Minestar™ System” assist end-users, using GPS technology to guide machines, to do the job right the first time, thus maximising productivity and efficiency.
    AccuGrade™ Grade Control System
     
    ° Machine control and guidance systems that use laser and GPS technology to ensure customers complete the required job in the shortest possible time, reducing  the need for rework and making the surveyors job a lot easier.
    Cat® Product Link
     
    ° Technology which allows the customer to monitor and manage equipment remotely. Faults, service hours and position are sent via GPS or GSM links to a central server which is accessed by the customer using a Cat software package. This allows customers to plan servicing, diagnose problems, manage fuel consumption and even limit the working area of any particular machine.
    The remanufacturing of products and rebuilding of components preserves up to 85% of the energy expended during the original manufacturing process.

    Automotive and Logistics

    Leading principals for our motor retail operations continue to develop and introduce energy-efficient, low-emission vehicles, as well as hybrid and electric vehicles
    Car rental fleets generally inlcude vehicles under 12 months old fitted with the latest technology, resulting in overall energy and emissions efficiency. Currently there are 90 Honda Jazz hybrid vehicles in the South African car rental fleet
    Car rental provides eco-driving tips on hangers in every vehicle. Carbon emissions from rentals are recorded on every invoice. Monthly carbon emission reports are sent to corporate customers, making them aware of emissions resulting from their corporate rentals
    Clean vehicles are a core component of the customer offering but more efficient use of water has significant economic and environmental benefits while maintaining customer service levels
    Logistics has introduced a range of innovative products and solutions which include:
     
    ° Logistics’ collaboration with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in South Africa and others in designing a more energy efficient and ergonomic vehicle that can carry a higher payload and be streamlined enough in its design to reduce fuel consumption and ultimately emissions. The rig travelled 100 000km in the six-month test period, and saved 10.6% in fuel compared to the rest of the fleet travelling the same route, with the same weather conditions and same payload. The total wind-drag reduction from the Green Trailer conversion also exceeded expectations, at up to 43%. The other major benefit from the significant reduction in fuel use is, of course, lower carbon emissions. The 10.6% fuel saving amounted to a substantial reduction of 13.77 tons of CO2 emissions during the test period. An additional five units have been commissioned in the year under review.
    ° Four Toyota trucks have also been modified to improve efficiency. The modifications have resulted in a fuel saving of 2.7L/100kms and estimated saving of 65 CO2e tons per annum.

    Hyster lift trucks generally offer the best energy efficiency (energy use per load moved) of any manufacturer and emissions are among the lowest in the industry. The OEM supports green technologies through engineering collaboration and extensive internal field and validation testing. Diesel lift trucks are evolving to meet latest US and European emission standards. Electric trucks incorporate systems that recapture energy when braking and lowering loads. Improved product design results in less weight and improved efficiency.

    Recyclability is a prime consideration in Hyster lift truck design, as is waste, which is reduced through extended service intervals and reduced tyre and component wear.

    Hyster is investigating advanced, more efficient battery chemistries and technologies to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions. These also increase productivity and reduce toxic material content. Examples include:

    Hyster Reachstackers / Big Trucks – fuel savings of up to 15%, CO2 reductions
    Empty container handlers – reduced tyre wear (up to threefold) and fuel savings
    2t to 5.5t diesel/LPG forklift trucks – fuel savings of up to 15% on the new Fortens range, making Hyster diesel and LPG trucks in this category some of the ‘greenest’ on the market.

    UK Handling’s service support fleet of 450 vehicles uses global positioning (GPS) technology and with changes in fleet mix and other technology has reduced fuel consumption by 18%. Six (6) electric vans have been added to the Handling fleet which will result in a reduction of emissions.

    Barloworld understands the lifecycle implications of its products and solutions. We focus on ensuring maximum and efficient use of the products we sell, rent and lease, including extending their operating lifetime. A relatively high percentage of Caterpillar and Hyster components are rebuilt, prolonging their life and reducing waste.

    Hyster’s truck remanufacturing process recovers some 50% of original components whilst their rebuilt engines are 50% and 67% more efficient in energy and labour respectively. Some 90% of a scrapped lift truck can be reclaimed. Some 70% of Caterpillar components are rebuilt. In addition to energy savings, resources otherwise consumed in the manufacture and logistics processes are saved.

    All Hyster trucks are manufactured in plants meeting ISO 14000 environmental management standards which exist to help organisations minimise how their operations negatively affect the environment.

    Barloworld’s Automotive, Equipment and Handling divisions have business models that enable vehicles, plant and equipment solutions to be provided as new or used and through long- or short-term rental applications. In the equipment and handling divisions, this is augmented by a significant component rebuild programme. This business model ensures efficiencies and synergies throughout the lifecycle of equipment, plant and vehicles and extended useful lives for these products.

  • EN 7 Initiatives to reduce indirect energy consumption and reductions achieved

    Integrated Report 2012 - Strategic framework
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - The environment
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Southern Africa - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Iberia - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Russia - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Automotive and Logistics - Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Automotive and Logistics - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Handling
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Handling - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development

    Integrated Report 2012 - Corporate office overview
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Targets

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Emissions intensity

    The group’s principal source of indirect energy is electricity, which accounts for some 16% of energy consumption and 40% of CO2e emissions.

    Our commitment to improving energy efficiency in terms of fossil fuels and the resulting GHG emissions is reflected in being an early signatory to South Africa’s Energy Efficiency Accord and more recently the South African National Business Initiative’s (NBI) Energy Efficiency Leadership Network’s (EELN) Energy Efficiency Pledge.

    In 2009, we set an overall aspirational target of a 12% energy efficiency improvement in our non-renewable energy consumption by the end of our 2014 financial year, off a 2009 base-line and against a business-as-usual scenario. The target applies to our material energy sources, petrol and diesel as well as to purchased electricity generated from fossil fuels.

    The table below shows a 1% or 1 118 MWh absolute reduction in 2012 from 2011.

    Indicative electricity savings in 2012 against a business as usual scenario are 27 087 MWh or 23.8% of business as usual consumption

    Electricity (MWh)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   26 985     25 805   24 057   25 644  
    Automotive & Logistics   52 904     52 532   55 527   52 019  
    Handling   5 813     8 594   9 481   9 094  
    Corporate   476     365   658   810  
    Barloworld Group   86 178     87 296   89 723   87 567  

    Electricity intensities can be calculated using electricity consumption and activity levels:

    Electricity Intensity (MWh per R1 million revenue)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Group Electricity Intensity   1.47     1.75   2.18   1.93  

    The above table indicates that electricity consumption is 16% more efficient in 2012 over 2011, at a group level.

    The absolute reduction of 1% in electricity consumption has translated into a 1% reduction in energy from electricity as per the table below:

    Energy (GJ) by Energy Source
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Diesel   1 174 281     1 026 831   1 081 984   1 068 748  
    Petrol   410 234     433 937   430 241   445 118  
    Heavy Fuel   -     -   -   -  
    LPG   2 608     2 484   2 278   11 053  
    CNG / LNG   23 984     29 728   34 250   3 555  
    Electricity   310 240     314 264   323 003   315 243  
    Total energy   1 921 347     1 807 244   1 871 756   1 843 717  

    Initiatives to reduce indirect energy include:

    Entrenching sustainable development in group strategy
    Setting targets and entrenching integrated reporting that includes energy consumption
    Utilisation of skills and expertise of an energy efficiency manager from the group’s Power operations to identify and coordinate the maximisation of energy efficiency opportunities across the group
    Focused communication programmes that include the principle that the cumulative impact of small changes become significant
    A ‘green’ buildings initiative for existing buildings that includes:
     
    ° Conducting energy audits
    ° Installing more efficient lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation systems
    °
      Installing motion sensors on lights and air conditioning systems
    ° Timing switches on compressors and other appropriate electrical equipment
    ° Using of geyser blankets and reducing of geyser temperatures
    ° Resetting wash bay blowers in car rental operations to optimise time taken to dry vehicles
    A ‘green’ buildings initiative for new buildings resulted in:
     
    ° New Automotive dealerships and Logistics warehousing include energy efficiency technology with energy savings of up to 30% on average.
    Continued roll-out of electricity and water consumption technology in our operations that provides real-time monitoring at installed sites and reflects consumption trends and related emissions against targets. Benefits include awareness, identification and mitigation of unnecessary power and water use.
    Reduced air travel and increased use of video conferencing.

  • EN 8 Total water withdrawal by source

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects

    Although a relatively insignificant consumer of water, Barloworld acknowledges the scarcity of the resource and strives to use water more efficiently. The group also increasingly recycles water and harvests where possible. Most water is sourced from local municipal and government supply systems. To better understand our water use and contribute to the knowledge and data on water use, we participated in the 2012 Water CDP.

    Water consumption (ML) by division   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   290     250   256   271  
    Automotive and Logistics   478     470   430   505  
    Handling   29     45   43   46  
    Corporate   2     2   2   21  
    Barloworld group   799     767   731   843  
    * Cubic Meters (m3)   79 897     76 677   73 133   84 294  

    Technologies have been applied to reduce domestic consumption as well. Some initiatives implemented include low flow shower heads and electronic sensor taps. Refer CDP Water 2012.


  • EN 9 Water sources significantly affected by withdrawal of water

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects

    Barloworld’s water use does not directly impact on any natural water sources. All of our water is obtained from local authorities in the areas where we operate. As water is principally used to wash vehicles, plant and equipment, it is not removed from the areas of source. After proper treatment, it is legally discharged into local reticulation systems.

    Water monitoring systems are in place at most major sites to allow monitoring of consumption trends, identification of anomalies and mitigation against excessive and/or unnecessary use.

    Some operations make use of borehole water for irrigation purposes which limits the burden on the municipal water supply. The consumption through boreholes does not in any way negatively or significantly impact on the source.


  • EN 10 Percentage and total volume of water recycled and reused

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - 2012 Barloworld Water CDP
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - AVIS water recycling initiatives

    The group recycled 120ML (15%) of water withdrawn from municipal and government supply systems. The Automotive division recycled 24.9% of its drawn water consumption, up from 16.9% in 2011, and Equipment operations in Iberia recycled 19.9% of its drawn water consumption, up from 15.6% in 2011.

    Water Recylcled (ML)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   1.4     1.4   1.7   4.1  
    Automotive & Logistics   118.8     79.7   66.9   102.2  
    Handling   -     -   -   -  
    Corporate   -     -   -   -  
    Barloworld Group *   120.2     81.1   68.6   106.3  
    * Cubi Meters (m3)   120 200     81 100   68 600   106 300  

    Various water recycling and harvesting initiatives implemented across the group have resulted in an annual saving of some 100 million litres of water that would have otherwise been drawn from municipal water systems. The combined storage capacity for rainwater harvesting and recycling is some 722 000 litres within the Automotive operations alone.


  • EN 11 Location and size of land owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas

    Barloworld operations do not directly affect any terrestrial fresh water or marine environments. Since sites are primarily in industrialised and urbanised areas, they do not impact on protected areas or areas with high biodiversity value.

    However, four vehicle maintenance and repair facilities operate in the Kruger National Park in South Africa.. These sites occupy an area of 13 091 m2..
    One equipment repair and maintenance site is located at Phalaborwa Mining Company adjacent to the Kruger National Park.

    These operations have not significantly affected these areas.

    The group has therefore not needed to address biodiversity protection or rehabilitation matters during the year, nor have its activities affected threatened species or their habitat. We will continuously consider these aspects in constructing or renovating facilities in future.


  • EN 12 Description of significant impacts of activities, products, and services on biodiversity in protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas

    There are no significant impacts on areas of high biodiversity value.


  • EN 13 Habitats protected or restored

    Barloworld does not impact habitats in any way so no restoration activities are necessary.


  • EN 14 Strategies, current actions, and future plans for managing impacts on biodiversity

    The group has not needed to address any biodiversity protection or rehabilitation matters during the year, nor have its activities impacted on threatened species or their habitat. The group will continuously take these aspects into account in constructing or renovating any facilities in future. Currently the group does not focus on specific biodiversity impacts of its activities nor is this anticipated to be a material matter into the future, given the locations of its operations.

    Despite the insignificant direct impact our operations have on biodiversity, we remain mindful that the use of some of our products may have an indirect impact on biodiversity through climate change.

    The group’s South African based corporate office has participated in Trees for Homes programme through Food and Trees for Africa at a cost of R100 000. In addition to providing fruit, beauty and shade, the 1 250 indigenous and fruit trees will sequester the majority of corporate office’s 2012 carbon emissions over a period of 15 years and be planted at schools and other community centres in townships.

    Avis Rent a Car maintains its Carbon Neutral accreditation as in the prior year.


  • EN 15 Number of IUCN Red List species and national conservation list species with habitats in areas affected by operations, by level of extinction risk

    No Red List species are affected by any of the group’s operations.


  • EN 16 Total direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions by weight

    Integrated Report 2012 - Financial and non-financial indicators
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Automotive and Logistics

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Handling

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Corporate
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects

    The group focuses on scope 1 and scope 2 emissions, respectively caused by consumption of fossil fuels and electricity generated from fossil fuels. These are reported in terms of the GHG Protocol corporate standard and converted to units of CO2e being the universal unit of measure adjusted for the global warming potential of the six Kyoto Protocol greenhouse gases.

    The emissions identified by Barloworld include carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane from combustion of petrol and diesel in trucks, machinery and equipment and vehicles, and from the consumption of purchased electricity.

    Refer table of emission factors.

    Consistent with our limited increase in energy consumption (6%), group emissions are 4% up on 2011 levels, against increased activity of 18% for the same period. The efficiencies achieved are driven by energy saving initiatives.

    Emissions (CO2e tons) by Division (Scopes 1&2)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   48 120     46 102   45 912   52 063  
    Automotive & Logistics   133 476     123 096   133 573   125 752  
    Handling   15 372     19 441   21 415   20 219  
    Corporate   521     404   833   1 019  
    Barloworld Group *   197 489     189 043   201 733   199 053  

    In line with prior periods and its scale of operations, Automotive and Logistics contributes 67.5% of total 2012 group carbon emissions.

    Emissions (CO2e tons) by Energy Source (Scopes 1&2)
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
                         
    Diesel   87 797     76 773   74 654   74 138  
    Petrol   29 000     30 676   32 034   33 056  
    Electricity   79 154     79 738   92 869   91 148  
    Other   1 538     1 856   2 176   711  
    Total emissions   197 489     189 043   201 733   199 053  

    In line with prior periods and business operations diesel is the major contributor (44.4%) of total 2012 group carbon emissions. Despite electricity only constituting 16% of 2012 group energy consumption, electricity contributed 40% to the group’s 2012 total carbon emissions.

                                   
        2012     2011     2010     2009
    Emissions scope 1 and 2 (CO2e tons)   Scope 1   Scope 2   Total     Scope1 Scope 2 Total     Scope1 Scope 2 Total     Scope1 Scope 2 Total
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   26 318   21 802   48 120     24 722 21 380 46 102     23 503 22 409 45 912     27 153 24 910 52 063
    Automotive and Logistics   80 247   53 229   133 476     70 339 52 757 123 096     70 142 63 431 133 573     66 349 59 403 125 752
    Handling   11 742   3 630   15 372     14 218 5 223 19 441     15 176 6 239 21 415     14 356 5 863 20 219
    Corporate   28   493   521     26 378 404     43 790 833     47 972 1019
    Barloworld group   118 335   79 154   197 489     109 305 79 738 189 043     108 864 92 869 201 733     107 905 91 148 199053

    Against, a 17.5% increase in activity in 2012 over 2011, scope 1 emissions increased by 8.3% and scope 2 reduced by 0.6% over the same period.

    It may not always be possible or practical to reduce absolute energy consumption and resultant carbon emissions, year-on-year given the correlation between business activity and energy consumption and carbon emissions. To mitigate against this, Barloworld measures carbon emissions against activity levels (using revenue as a proxy for activity), resulting in an intensity indicator. The intensities reflected below are a function of carbon emissions and activity. The decreased intensity 2012 against 2011 indicates less carbon was emitted in generating R1 million revenue than in 2011.

    Emissions intensity (CO2e tons per R1 million revenue) by division   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer   spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   2.0     2.5   3.8   3.0  
    Automotive and Logistics   4.5     4.7   5.5   5.4  
    Handling   3.2     4.1   5.2   4.0  
    Barloworld group   3.4     3.8   4.9   4.4  

    The 10.5% reduction in intensity in 2012 over 2011, indicates 10.5% less carbon was emitted for the same level of activity. Alternately, the reduced intensity can be interpreted as 10.5% more activity generated given the same level of carbon emissions in 2012 as that of 2011

      Emissions (CO2e tons) per employee  
    Emissions Intensity by division
      2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   6.2     6.7   7.5   8.1  
    Automotive & Logistics   13.8     13.5   14.1   13.9  
    Handling   8.9     7.5   8.7   8.0  
    Corporate   4.4     3.8   8.5   9.9  
    Barloworld Group   10.3     10.1   11.1   11.0  

    For our group, emissions per employee is not necessarily a relevant indicator of efficiency, because we strive to increase activity without a corresponding increase in employee numbers. The above data are reported for ease of reference only.


  • EN 17 Other relevant indirect greenhouse gas emissions by weight 


    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Emissions

    Scope 3 CO2e tons   2012     2011   2010  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Avis RAC   90 333     86 661   94 453  
    Air Travel   6 048     4 767   3 120  

    Given our wider activities and the nature of our products and solutions, during the year we continued measuring and reporting certain scope 3 emissions. This covers emissions from business air travel and from the South African car rental operations.

    The annual increase in scope 3 emissions from air travel to 6 048 tons is a result of both improved reporting, as data for prior periods were incomplete as well as increased travel,. We are continuing to refine this aspect of our reporting.

    We recognise that emissions from our car rental activities are central to our customer offerings and strive to reduce these by providing fuel efficient fleets and having low-emission and hybrid vehicles available for rent. Car rental operations in South Africa produce 90 333 tons (2011: 86 661 tons) of scope 3 CO2e emissions, an absolute increase of 4%. The absolute increase was a result of increase rental days, resulting in a 6% improvement in emissions intensities per rental day mainly reflecting the efficiency of new technology and the profile of the rental fleet.

    Avis Rent a Car South Africa provides invoices that indicates emissions related to the rental and, in time, will provide offset facilities. Avis Fleet Services also reports emissions to their customers, and it is anticipated that this information would also be relevant to other Barloworld rental fleets in future


  • EN 18 Initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reductions achieved

    Integrated Report 2012 - Strategic framework
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - The environment
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Southern Africa - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Iberia - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Russia - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Automotive and Logistics - Sustainable development
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Automotive and Logistics - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Handling
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Handling - Top imperatives for 20153 Sustainable development

    Integrated Report 2012 - Corporate office overview
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Targets

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Emissions intensity

    Consistent with Barloworld’s limited increase in energy consumption (6%), group emissions are up 5% on 2011, against increase activity of 17.5%, driven by energy saving initiatives and focus as well as updated emission factors.

    Emissions (CO2e tons) by Division (Scopes 1 & 2)   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   48 120     46 102   45 912   52 063  
    Automotive & Logistics   133 476     123 096   133 573   125 752  
    Handling   15 372     19 441   21 415   20 219  
    Corporate   521     404   833   1 019  
    Barloworld Group   197 489     189 043   201 733   199 053  

    Our commitment to improving energy efficiency in terms of fossil fuels and the resulting GHG emissions is reflected in being an early signatory to South Africa’s Energy Efficiency Accord and more recently the South African National Business Initiative’s (NBI) Energy Efficiency Leadership Network’s (EELN) Energy Efficiency Pledge

    In 2009, we set an overall aspirational target of a 12% energy efficiency improvement in our non-renewable energy consumption by the end of our 2014 financial year, off a 2009 base-line and against a business-as-usual scenario. The target applies to our material energy sources, petrol and diesel as well as to purchased electricity generated from fossil fuels.

    The group has adopted a similar approach for emissions (scope 1 and 2) as these predominantly result from consuming fossil fuels and buying fossil fuel generated electricity.

    These targets are incorporated into our strategic planning process and the ongoing management of the business, including performance scorecards.

    Greenhouse gas emissions are intimately linked to energy consumption across the group. As a result, the key driver of reduced emissions is more efficient energy consumption.

    Refer to EN7

    It may not always be possible or practical to reduce absolute energy consumption and resultant carbon emissions, year-on-year given the positive correlation between business activity and energy consumption and carbon emissions. To mitigate against this, Barloworld measures carbon emissions against activity levels (using revenue as a proxy for activity), resulting in an intensity indicator. The intensities reflected below are a function of carbon emissions and activity. The decreased intensity 2012 against 2011 indicates less carbon was emitted in generating R1 million revenue than in 2011.

    Emissions intensity (CO2e tons per R1 million revenue) by division   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Equipment   2.0     2.5   3.8   3.0  
    Automotive and Logistics   4.5     4.7   5.5   5.4  
    Handling   3.2     4.1   5.2   4.0  
    Barloworld group   3.4     3.8   4.9   4.4  

    The 10.5% reduction in intensity in 2012 over 2011, indicates 10.5% less carbon was emitted for the same level of activity. Alternately, the reduced intensity can be interpreted as 10.5% more activity generated given the same level of carbon emissions in 2012 over 2011.

    In addition to the above intensity monitoring and through the use of savings models, revenue (proxy for activity) and actual consumption, indicative unit and financial savings can be calculated against a business as usual (BAU) scenario.

    Against a BAU scenario for 2012, for indicative purposes, the group reduced carbon emissions by 59 980 CO2e tons or 23.2% of BAU emissions.

    Initiatives in place to reduce non-renewable fossil fuel consumption which are the material sources of the group’s GHG emissions include:
    Entrenching sustainable development in group strategy.
    Setting targets and entrenching integrated reporting that includes energy consumption.
    Focused communication programmes which include the principle that the cumulative impact of small changes become significant.
    A ‘green’ buildings initiative for existing buildings that includes:
    Conducting energy audits
    Installing more efficient lighting, heating, cooling and ventilation systems
    Installing motion sensors on lights and air conditioning systems
    Timing switches on compressors and other appropriate electrical equipment
    Use of geyser blankets and reduction of geyser temperatures
    Resetting wash bay blowers in car rental operations to optimise time taken to dry vehicles.
    A ‘green’ buildings initiative for new buildings resulted in:
    New Automotive dealerships and Logistics warehousing include energy efficiency technology with energy savings of up to 30% on average.
    Continued roll-out of electricity and water consumption technology in our operations that provides real-time monitoring at installed sites and reflects consumption trends and related emissions against targets. Benefits include awareness, identification and mitigation of unnecessary power and water use.
    Reduced air travel and increased use of video conferencing.
    The Dedicated Transport division, within Logistics, initiated a project where they collaborated with the CSIR and other partners in designing a more energy efficient and ergonomic vehicle which can carry a higher payload and be streamlined enough in its design to reduce the fuel consumption and ultimately the emissions (currently projected at 7% reduction per trip, Johannesburg  to Durban).  The fleet has been expanded to include an additional five units in 2012.
    Also within Logistics, modified Toyota vehicles generate fuel savings of approximately 2.7 litres/100kms and estimated CO2e saving per vehicle per month is 1 346kg, which equates to 65 CO2e tons per annum.
    Motion sensors have been installed at Barlow Park (South Africa) to reduce electricity consumption.
    Electrical consumption audits conducted at various sites to identify inefficiencies and switch to more efficient technology has resulted in projected savings of 220 600kWh per annum.
    Some company vehicles are monitored through the Intelligent Fuel product to ensure any inefficiencies resulting in excessive fuel usage are identified and addressed
    All new vehicles sold incorporate the Vehicle Manufacturers’ latest environmental technology developments and improvements.
    Car rental fleets generally include vehicles less than 12 months old and hence have the most up to date and efficient propulsion systems and technology.
    90 Honda Jazz Hybrids included in the Avis rental fleet

    Our Handling division also has a number of initiatives in place, including:

    In the UK;
    the introduction of a new company car policy to lease cars with low CO2 emissions and reduce the number of journeys.
    installing GPS in vans to reduce technician travel time by dispatching the individual closest to the customer, and monitoring speeding.
    speed limiters were also fitted to vans.
    efficient driver training completed for 70 high mileage drivers (enables reduction in carbon emissions).
    smaller, more fuel efficiency vehicles being introduced to low fuel consumption and resultant emissions.
    heating control systems introduced in larger facilities to manage run times and temperatures.
    In Belgium, six electric vehicles have been added to the fleet on a trial basis.
    In the USA, the division switched to more efficient vehicles when replacing expired leases and new additions to the fleet. These are smaller in body and length, 42% lighter by weight, and generate better mileage than the previous vehicles used.
    In South Africa, employees are encouraged to choose company vehicles that are fuel efficient and have lower carbon emissions.


  • EN 19 Emissions of ozone-depleting substances by weight

    Given the nature of our operations and the sources of emissions, there are no significant ozone depleting substances as emissions sources in Barloworld’s operation


  • EN 20 NOx SOx, and other significant air emissions by type and weight

    Barloworld has other non-Kyoto protocol GHG emissions sources, namely oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and oxides of sulphur (SOx), given the nature of its automotive operations. The volume of emissions resulting from these sources is considered to be immaterial which is in line with the nature of our operations. Measures to mitigate these non-greenhouse gas emissions rely on the consumption of low-sulphur fuels and advanced engine technology for cleaner fuel combustion.

    These mitigating measures are outside the control of Barloworld. These emissions are difficult to quantify given diverse operating conditions, technologies and regions in which the group operates and are not considered to be material.

    For indicative purposes, the group has calculated the emissions relating to the following gases which are those that the group operations produce, namely Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O). Group figures for 2012 are 109 tons and 1 157 tons for CH4 and N20 respectively.

    In total these amount to 1 266 tons which is 0.64% of the group CO2e emissions for the reported period and are therefore considered immaterial

  • EN 21 Total water discharge by quality and destination

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Water

    Because water is a scarce resource, we are committed to more efficient water consumption through reduced use, increased recycling and water-harvesting initiatives. Most water is sourced from municipal and local government supply systems and legally discharged into these systems after required filtration and separation processes. Washing of plant, equipment and vehicles constitutes the company’s major use of water.

    As such, water is not removed from the area of extraction and, after required filtration and separation processes, effectively all water used (2012: 799 ML or 79 879m3) is legally discharged back into municipal and local government systems.

    Consistent with identifying water consumption as a material aspect of its environmental stewardship approach, third-party assurance is obtained albeit only for billed water from local municipal or government supply systems.

  • EN 22 Total weight of waste by type and disposal method

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Waste

    The group does not generate significant volumes of waste. Both hazardous and non-hazardous waste streams are monitored by type, volume, disposal method and destination. Used oil and other waste is disposed of through certified contractors.

    Waste by category   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer   spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Non-hazardous                    
    Paper (kg)   630 466     558 919   457 609   511 951  
    Tyres (kg)   726 841     860 954   768 490   615 420  
    Hazardous                    
    Solvents (L)   156 445     139 156   97 433   77 131  
    Lubricants (grease and oil) (L )   3 073 891     3 026 925   2 698 685   3230 623  
    Oil filters (kg)   226 950     241 507   114 492   71 380  
    Batteries (kg)   100 596     217 446   119 610   152 791  
    Computer/laptops (kg)   3 978     6 659   4 726   810  

    The group recycles much of this waste over the period.


  • EN 23 Total number and volume of significant spills

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Spills

    An oil/sludge spill occurred at Barloworld Equipment’s Component Repair Centre (CRC) Drivetrain operation in Boksburg North, South Africa facility when oil containment disassembly trays were moved. Approximately 7 500L of oil/sludge were spilt. The spill was contained on site and the spill area was successfully rehabilitated. No damage to the surrounding environment was reported. Measures have been taken to prevent any re-occurrence of similar incidents. This was reported to the Ekurhuleni environmental department.

    There were three fuel/oil spills within our Automotive operations, two at Avis RAC and one in the Motor Retail operations.

    In June 2012, at the Rent a Car operation  in Pretoria, South Africa, 4 129L of fuel were spilled from the fuel tank when a contractor mistakenly drilled into the piping, effecting both the Rent a Car facility and the adjacent Motor Retail dealership (GM).

    The fuel contaminated the ground water. Ground water wells have been drilled to enable monitoring.

    At the Avis Rent a Car operation in Johannesburg, South Africa, removal of the old fuel tanks, sometime in April 2011, revealed a leak in the fuel tank. Monitoring of ground water and vacuum extraction continues, however the exact quantity of fuel that has contaminated ground water is unknown.

    These spills have been reported to the Gauteng Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and remediation plans agreed.

    At our Toyota dealership, Menlyn, South Africa, a blocked sewer line between the municipal sewer line and the oil separator caused an overflow of oil, the quantity of which is unknown. The incident occurred in January 2012 and was reported to the respective local authorities, including the Department of Water Affairs. The effected paving and soil was removed and disposed of by a certified service provider. Three subsequent soil sample tests have indicated that the area is free from any contamination; however additional tests are to be performed.

  • EN 24 Weight of transported, imported, exported, or treated waste deemed hazardous under the terms of the Basel Convention Annex I, II, III, and VIII, and percentage of transported waste shipped internationally

    Waste by category   2012     2011   2010   2009  
    spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer spacer
    Non-hazardous                    
    Paper (kg)   630 466     558 919   457 609   511 951  
    Tyres (kg)   726 841     860 954   768 490   615 420  
    Hazardous                    
    Solvents (L)   156 445     139 156   97 433   77 131  
    Lubricants (grease and oil) (L )   3 073 891     3 026 925   2 698 685   3230 623  
    Oil filters (kg)   226 950     241 507   114 492   71 380  
    Batteries (kg)   100 596     217 446   119 610   152 791  
    Computer/laptops (kg)   3 978     6 659   4 726   810  

    All hazardous waste, the volume of which is reflected in the above table, is removed by appropriately certified service providers and where necessary treated prior to disposal

    Logistics moved the following tons of waste without incident:

    Waste Transported   Tons moved
    Atoll filter cake   316
    Slag inorganic waste   765
    Contaminated soil   120
    Wooden pallets contaminated with nickel   11
    Gravel   30.8
    Effluent Treatment Plant - Filter  cake   50
    Total   1 292.8

    No waste was shipped internationally during the year


  • EN 25 Identity, size, protected status, and biodiversty value of water bodies and related habitats significantly affected by the reporting organization's discharges of water and runoff

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - 2012 Barloworld Water CDP

    No water bodies were affected by runoff and discharges, hence no biodiversity was affected. All water run-off is treated appropriately prior to discharge back into the municipal water system.


  • EN 26 Initiatives to mitigate environmental impacts of products and services, and extent of impact mitigation

    Integrated Report 2012 - Responsible supply chain
    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment - Opening of the Barloworld Reman Centre, celebrating the past and the future

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - 2012 Barloworld Investor CDP
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Water
    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Recycling, remanufacture and rebuilding

    Apart from its logistics operations, Barloworld represents global original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The group’s direct environmental impacts are therefore quite limited since it does not manufacture any of these products.

    As a result, limiting the environmental impacts of its products and services is achieved primarily through technological and behavioural interventions designed to limit the use of natural resources by the company. In terms of the former, the group strives to provide customer solutions that incorporate the latest technological advances to use fuel optimally and emit fewer pollutants.

    Its customers are advised of these advances, and encouraged to use equipment in a way that further reduces their impact. The group maintains regular contact with its OEMs so that it is appraised of the technological advances available and can pass this information on to customers.

    The Automotive division’s most significant products that are reclaimed are oil and lubricants. Generally, the ferrous material in motor vehicles can be recycled. However, this is not part of the vehicle leasing, motor retail or car rental operations business model. Tyres may also be recycled or used as fuel. Glass from broken or old windscreens can be recycled.

    The only substantial product that is recycled is oil which, given its value, is not a material percentage of products sold (by value)

    Specific initiatives include:

    Barloworld uses technological advances in the products and services it provides to limit environmental impacts, particularly energy consumption and emissions. Many of the OEMs we represent are grappling with the issue and innovating continually. 

    Equipment

    Caterpillar is continually improving the energy efficiency of its products to reduce emissions from its clean diesel engines and maintain fuel efficiency. Caterpillar prides itself on building innovative products that are not only the most reliable machines on the market, but also meet and exceed sustainability targets for highly regulated countries. At the same time, on every new model that is released onto the market, Caterpillar realizes the need for more efficient machines and better performance to meet customers’ demands for reduced operating costs.

    Caterpillar Inc. aspirational 2020 goals include a 20% increase in customer energy efficiency.

    Caterpillar is also leading in cogeneration, examples include greenhouse applications where the exhaust gases (CO2), heat and power from an engine are utilized. The power generates electricity and the heat and CO2 enhance the crop growing process.

    Caterpillar’s acquisition of MWM Holding GmbH (MWM), a leading global supplier of sustainable, natural gas and alternative-fuel engines significantly expands customer options for sustainable power generation solutions. The ability to supply natural gas engines and turbines to complement the traditional diesel engines results in one of the broadest engine offerings in the industry. Dedicated teams in Barloworld Equipment Europe are being trained on gas engines which lead in energy and emission efficiencies.

    Over the years, Caterpillar has invested heavily in technology that allows customers to get the most out of their machines improving performance, lowering costs and preventing machine downtime.

    The examples of innovative efficient products reflected below are included to demonstrate our principal’s commitment to sustainability and efficiency. These may not necessarily be available in the Barloworld Equipment territories:

    The new Cat® 349E hydraulic excavator delivers more engine and hydraulic horsepower than its predecessor, and averages five percent improved fuel efficiency in typical applications. Decreases in fuel consumption result in a decrease of carbon combustion, reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The 349E operates on either ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel (ULSD), or a blend of ULSD and 20 percent biodiesel, and meets stringent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Tier 4 Interim emissions standards. Fuel-saving features include:
    An engine idle shutdown setting – which allows selection for how long the machine is permitted to idle before shutting down.
    Isochronous speed control – a system that maintains constant engine speed, regardless of load.
    An economy power mode used during less demanding applications.
    A hydraulic system that recycles hydraulic energy and hydraulic oil.
    The refined design for the Cat® D11T and D11T Carrydozer delivers fuel-efficient productivity. New for the D11T and D11T CD is the Enhanced Auto Shift (EAS) system, designed to conserve fuel by automatically selecting the optimal reverse gear and engine speed, based on load and desired ground speed. When the EAS mode is not activated, an Auto Downshift feature automatically changes gears to most efficiently handle loads. Decreases in fuel consumption result in a decrease of combustion of carbon, reducing greenhouse gases.
    A primary advantage of the new Cat® 980K Wheel Loader is fuel economy improvement in typical loader applications. Furthermore, the fuel that is burned produces 90 percent less particulate matter and 50 percent fewer oxides of nitrogen (NOx) than its predecessor, the 980H. The 980K was designed to be almost fully reused, with a 96 percent recyclability rate, and provides the foundation by which resources can be conserved for years to come.
    Retrofits can provide the latest lean burn gas engine technology for Cat® G3500 petroleum engines in existing gas compression applications. The upgrade for G3508, G3512, and G3516 engines utilizes state-of-the-art electronic controls and sensor technology to improve fuel efficiencies, and reduces oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions.

    Available in Barloworld Equipment  territories:

    The Cat® 988H Performance Plus Wheel Loader update exemplifies energy efficiency.
     
    ° The 988H Performance Plus with the new Performance Series Bucket offers the benefit of up to a 10 percent increase in productivity
    ° The new Positive Flow Control hydraulics has demonstrated fuel savings of up to 5 percent. Factoring in the combination of productivity and fuel savings, improvements of up to 10 percent can be realized
    ° At a minimal sacrifice to productivity (5-10 percent loss), customers may realize an additional 15-20 percent in fuel savings with the Fuel Management System (FMS).
    New with the 988H Performance Plus are three additional fuel-saving modes of operation available that allow the operator to choose the level of fuel savings to be achieved. The operator can easily accommodate changing production demands by moving between three modes of operation:
     
    ° Full Power (FMS not engaged)
    ° Balanced Power,
    ° Maximum Fuel Savings.

    Additionally, the 988H Performance Plus introduced Auto Idle Kickdown and Idle Shutdown features to minimize fuel burn, and reduce gaseous emissions.

    Cat® machines are so durable that instead of scrapping older models, rebuilding them to excellent reliability, performance and durability is possible, providing a second lease on life. Rebuilding customer equipment requires 50 to 60 percent less energy by reusing 85 to 95 percent by weight of the materials from the original product. By restoring used equipment, Cat® dealers minimize waste while offering high-quality, cost-effective solutions to customers. It’s good for business and for the environment. Cat Certified Rebuilds are also available for power trains, hydraulics and machine components.
    Caterpillar equips every Tier 4 interim/stage IIIB engine with ACERT™ technology with an ideal combination of electronic, fuel, air and after treatment components based on engine size, the type of application and the geographic location in which it will work.
    Cat® MineStar™ System
     
    ° The New CAT® Minestar™ System is a comprehensive fleet management system for customers in the mining sector.

    The system consists of scalable solutions that assist customers to manage their fleets’ productivity and efficiency. The system’s auto assignment model, using built in algorithms, can manage the truck and shovel system which ensures machines are used as efficiently and productively as possible.

     
    ° The Terrain capability set of “The New CAT® Minestar™ System” assist end-users, using GPS technology to guide machines, to do the job right the first time, thus maximising productivity and efficiency.
    AccuGrade™ Grade Control System
     
    ° Machine control and guidance systems that use laser and GPS technology to ensure customers complete the required job in the shortest possible time, reducing  the need for rework and making the surveyors job a lot easier.
    Cat® Product Link
     
    ° Technology which allows the customer to monitor and manage equipment remotely. Faults, service hours and position are sent via GPS or GSM links to a central server which is accessed by the customer using a Cat software package. This allows customers to plan servicing, diagnose problems, manage fuel consumption and even limit the working area of any particular machine.
    The remanufacturing of products and rebuilding of components preserves up to 85% of the energy expended during the original manufacturing process.

    Automotive and Logistics

    Leading principals for our motor retail operations continue to develop and introduce energy-efficient, low-emission vehicles, as well as hybrid and electric vehicles
    Car rental fleets generally include vehicles under 12 months old fitted with the latest technology, resulting in overall energy and emissions efficiency. Currently there are 90 Honda Jazz hybrid vehicles in the South African car rental fleet
    Car rental provides eco-driving tips on hangers in every vehicle. Carbon emissions from rentals are recorded on every invoice. Monthly carbon emission reports are sent to corporate customers, making them aware of emissions resulting from their corporate rentals
    Clean vehicles are a core component of the customer offering but more efficient use of water has significant economic and environmental benefits while maintaining customer service levels
    Logistics has introduced a range of innovative products and solutions which include:
     
    ° Logistics’ collaboration with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in South Africa and others in designing a more energy efficient and ergonomic vehicle that can carry a higher payload and be streamlined enough in its design to reduce fuel consumption and ultimately emissions. The rig travelled 100 000km in the six-month test period, and saved 10.6% in fuel compared to the rest of the fleet travelling the same route, with the same weather conditions and same payload. The total wind-drag reduction from the Green Trailer conversion also exceeded expectations, at up to 43%. The other major benefit from the significant reduction in fuel use is, of course, lower carbon emissions. The 10.6% fuel saving amounted to a massive reduction of 13.77 tons of CO2 emissions during the test period. An additional five units have been commissioned in the year under review.
    ° Four Toyota trucks have also been modified to improve efficiency. The modifications have resulted in a fuel saving of 2.7L/100kms and estimated saving of 65 CO2e tons per annum.

    Hyster lift trucks generally offer the best energy efficiency (energy use per load moved) of any manufacturer and emissions are among the lowest in the industry. The OEM supports green technologies through engineering collaboration and extensive internal field and validation testing. Diesel lift trucks are evolving to meet latest US and European emission standards. Electric trucks incorporate systems that recapture energy when braking and lowering loads. Improved product design results in less weight and improved efficiency.

    Recyclability is a prime consideration in Hyster lift truck design, as is waste, which is reduced through extended service intervals and reduced tyre and component wear.

    Hyster is investigating advanced, more efficient battery chemistries and technologies to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions. These also increase productivity and reduce toxic material content. Examples include:
    • Hyster Reachstackers / Big Trucks – fuel savings of up to 15%, CO2 reductions
    • Empty container handlers – reduced tyre wear (up to threefold) and fuel savings
    • 2t to 5.5t diesel/LPG forklift trucks – fuel savings of up to 15% on the new Fortens range, making Hyster diesel and LPG trucks in this category some of the ‘greenest’ on the market. 
    • Hyster GM 2.4L engine has the lowest overall emissions of any 3000-7000lb. truck in the industry.

    UK Handling’s service support fleet of 450 vehicles uses global positioning (GPS) technology and with changes in fleet mix and other technology has reduced fuel consumption by 18%. Six (6) electric vans have been added to the Handling fleet which will result in a reduction of emissions.

    Barloworld understands the lifecycle implications of its products and solutions. We focus on ensuring maximum and efficient use of the products we sell, rent and lease, including extending their operating lifetime. A relatively high percentage of Caterpillar and Hyster components are rebuilt, prolonging their life and reducing waste.

    Hyster’s truck remanufacturing process recovers some 50% of original components whilst their rebuilt engines are 50% and 67% more efficient in energy and labour respectively. Some 90% of a scrapped lift truck can be reclaimed.

    Some 70% of Caterpillar components are rebuilt. In addition to energy savings, resources otherwise consumed in the manufacture and logistics processes are saved.

    All Hyster trucks are manufactured in plants meeting ISO 14000 environmental management standards which exist to help organisations minimise how their operations negatively affect the environment.

    Barloworld’s automotive, equipment and handling divisions have business models that enable vehicles, plant and equipment solutions to be provided as new or used and through long- or short-term rental applications. In the equipment and handling divisions, this is augmented by a significant component rebuild programme. This business model ensures efficiencies and synergies throughout the lifecycle of equipment, plant and vehicles and extended useful lives for these products.

  • EN 27 Percentage of products sold and their packaging materials that are reclaimed by category

    Integrated Report 2012 - Divisional reviews - Equipment
    Intergrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Recycling, remanufacture and rebuilding

    Barloworld is mindful of the lifecycle implications of its products and solutions and appreciates the responsibility it has in this regard. It focuses on ensuring maximum and efficient use of the products it sells and leases, including extending their operating lifetime. In this regard, a relatively high percentage of Caterpillar and Hyster components are rebuilt, prolonging their life and thereby reducing waste and conserving materials and energy.

    Hyster’s truck remanufacturing process recovers some 50% of original components whilst their rebuilt engines are 50% and 67% more efficient in terms of energy and labour respectively. Approximately 90% of a scrapped lift truck can be reclaimed. Some 70% of Caterpillar components are rebuilt.

    Within the reporting period, Barloworld Equipment’s remanufacture centre in Boksburg, South Africa has remanufactured and rebuilt 179 engines, transmissions and drive trains. Given the diverse nature of our operations and the weight and volume of units sold, it is not possible to indicate the percentage of products sold that these rebuilt units make up.

    Ultimately, many components of vehicles, plant and equipment are reclaimed such as glass, tyres and metal.

  • EN 28 Monetary value of significant fines and total number of non-monetary sanctions for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations

    Integrated Report 2012 - Environment: Identified material aspects - Notices and non-compliance

    There were no significant fines or non-monetary sanctions for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations during the year.


  • EN 29 Significant environmental impacts of transporting products and other goods and materials used for the organization's operations, and transporting members of the workforce

    The primary environmental impact of Barloworld’s transportation is emitting pollutants into the atmosphere.

    These comprise mainly GHG emissions, but also a small proportion of other pollutants. Regular fleet maintenance is part of limiting these emissions. In addition, the use of latest technology also assists in reducing emissions.

    In representing leading global brands, the group’s customer solutions are backed by world-renowned OEM warranties, guarantees and product responsibility, and design features.

    All new vehicles, plant and equipment have comprehensive service and maintenance regimes which are either time- or use-based. These include inspection, and renewal if necessary, of critical safety items. This constant assessment and review of products includes customer safety aspects and optimal operation specifications. Rental plant and equipment is subject to similar assessment and service disciplines. 


  • EN 30 Total environmental protection expenditures and investments by type

    Investments in limiting the impact of our activities on the environment are mostly integrated into ongoing operations and incorporated into design, development and construction activities, such as those for new buildings, renovations and upgrades, water-recycling plants, water harvesting and energy-efficiency initiatives.

    We also invest in new products such as the logistics division’s Green Trailer project, relevant software development, and carbon offset programmes. Payments include those made to certified waste disposal contractors. As these are integrated into operational expenditure, they are not always readily identifiable and quantifiable.

    In the Automotive division, expenditure is incorporated into all development and construction activities to comply with environmental legislation, internal standards and good practice. In addition, there is on-going expenditure on maintaining standards and complying with existing ISO ratings (infrastructure and systems) as well as principals’ quality and environmental standards. Building new dealerships incorporates such expenditure as well as retrofitting existing buildings.

    Avis Rent a Car South Africa has undertaken to offset its own carbon emissions for the current and 2013 financial year, by purchasing carbon credits (12 294t pa) to the value of £94 343 per annum

    Two voluntary carbon standard (VCS) projects were selected, namely: The Tieling Coal Mine Methane Capture project in China and the Basa Magogo ‘Light it Up’ improved cooking technique in South Africa. The latter is the first Gold Standard project of its kind in the world. In addition, Avis RAC South Africa has also spent R20 790 with Food and Trees for Africa to sequester some 313.41 tons of carbon over seven years in respect of various projects as decided by Avis. The first project was the 2011 Put-Foot-Rally, where 45.17 tonnes have been offset already. The remaining tonnage will be allocated to other projects as they are identified.

    The group’s South African based Corporate Office has participated in Trees for Homes programme through Food and Trees for Africa at a cost of R100 000.

    In addition to providing fruit, beauty and shade, the 1 250 indigenous and fruit trees will sequester majority of corporate office’s 2012 carbon emissions over a period of 15 years and be planted at schools and other community centres in townships.

    The clean-up cost for historical soil contamination at Avis Rent a Car South Africa and Motor retail operations was R0.683 million and R3.46 million respectively.

    The corporate office spent R81 600 on disposing of recycled waste and its investment in energy-efficiency initiatives amounted to R438 000 for the year. Handling’s environmental expenditure for the year is as follows:

    UK - £200 000 for all environmental and waste costs, including landfill, and  destruction certificates for old computer equipment
    US - $100 000 fees paid to a waste consolidator to help reduce waste, recycle, ensure compliance with waste handling regulations, lower waste-handling costs.
    Belgium – annual operational costs for waste management of some €30 000.
    Netherlands – annual operating costs for waste management of some €60 000.

    Equipment Southern Africa estimates a total of R3.89 million spent in the financial year on energy and water efficiency initiatives. These initiatives include more efficient technology, improved consumption monitoring and reporting systems as well as a small component of consultant fees.

    Logistics has invested in vehicle modifications that enable more efficient energy consumption, thus limiting the environmental impact. These modifications cost a total of R583 000 in the period under review.

    The group’s Investor CDP 2012 contains a schedule of initiatives and expenditure to reduce energy consumption and related emissions .

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